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Results 301 to 400 of 1158.
Direct cooling of wire

Direct cooling of wire

A technique for the direct quench cooling of high carbon wire to 160~C developed by GKN Somerset is presented. Speed increases of up to 100% have been obtained without any decrease in mechanical propmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03165 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03165 (Member Price)

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Direct-patented high strength steel wire rod strengthened by silicon

Direct-patented high strength steel wire rod strengthened by silicon

Nippon Steel Corporation has developed a new direct patented wire rod (NLP), on the basis of fundamental research into the effects of alloying elements, especially silicon as a substitutional solid smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03536 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03536 (Member Price)

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Disposal methods for wiredrawing emulsions

Disposal methods for wiredrawing emulsions

This paper is an overview of the various methods for properly disposing of water soluble emulsions relative to the wiredrawing industry. A cost analysis of the various options will be included as welmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04276 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04276 (Member Price)

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Disposal of spent copper drawing lubricants

Disposal of spent copper drawing lubricants

Copper wire is normally drawn and annealed with emulsions or solutions containing over 90 percent water. A generation ago, the disposal of these spent lubricants and coolants received little attentimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04008 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04008 (Member Price)

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Dosing systems and mixing techniques in cable extrusion for efficient production

Dosing systems and mixing techniques in cable extrusion for efficient production

This paper examines dosing, gravimetric dosing, and efficient production achieved both with and without process change. It shows how new liquid material formulations like Silan and Peroxid can be appmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05158 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05158 (Member Price)

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Double-twist bunching technology for copper and aluminum wires

Double-twist bunching technology for copper and aluminum wires

Double-twist bunching machines are used to produce many constructions of copper wires and aluminum wires. The constructions that are produced include flexible con- ductors, 7-strand rigid, 19-strandmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04235 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04235 (Member Price)

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Dr. Stewart’s memories

Dr. Stewart’s memories

Approximately one hundred years ago, Dr. Charles Stewart of Easton, Pennsylvania began to record a series of reminiscences about the family-owned, water-powered, wire company that he had managed in tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05109 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05109 (Member Price)

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Draw dies—key elements in wiredrawing

Draw dies—key elements in wiredrawing

The die tends to wear gradually with abrasion, and a combination of abrasion and adhesion results in variable friction conditions and acceleration of failure. Monitoring die behavior and timely reconmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05188 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05188 (Member Price)

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Drawability of copper fire refining in a multiwire at high speed

Drawability of copper fire refining in a multiwire at high speed

In recent years, a broad investment program has given La Farga experience in the technology of drawing FHRC rod and ETP standard rod. Nowadays a large quantity of FRHC copper rod is drawn to 0.25 mm more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05033 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05033 (Member Price)

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Drawing and processing of titanium wire.

Drawing and processing of titanium wire.

Titanium wire production is discussed. Its uses and the history of its development are presented, along with a description of various phases of production. Some problems encountered during drawing ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01443 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01443 (Member Price)

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Drawing high carbon wires: A comparison between theoretical analysis and actual experience on a multipass line with efficient high heat exchange capstans

Drawing high carbon wires: A comparison between theoretical analysis and actual experience on a multipass line with efficient high heat exchange capstans

In drawing high carbon steel wire it is essential, for the quality of both the process and the final product, to be able to effectively cool the material being processed. It is known that the heat exmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04688 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04688 (Member Price)

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Drawing induced structural and mechanical anisotropy

Drawing induced structural and mechanical anisotropy

The 2009 Mordica Lecture presents an overview of the variety of structural evolutions and texture formations in drawing metals with face-centered cubic (fcc), body-centered cubic (bcc), and fcc- viz.more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05347 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05347 (Member Price)

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Drawing of shape-memory alloy wire and development of easy-release screw

Drawing of shape-memory alloy wire and development of easy-release screw

In this study, the authors developed an easy-release screw, which comprises a shape-memory alloy washer and screw. It was determined that the release temperature of the shape-memory alloy washer predmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05272 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05272 (Member Price)

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Drawing quality aluminum wire.

Drawing quality aluminum wire.

The production of aluminum wire (including drawing, lubricants, dies, heat treatment, packaging and shipping) is described. The focus of this article is a variety of steps throughout the processing omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01509 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01509 (Member Price)

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Drawing stainless steel microwire of 400 to 600 µm

Drawing stainless steel microwire of 400 to 600 µm

Micro-shaped wiredrawing such as round-to-hexagon and round-to-square drawing has been investigated based on the results of experiments and FE-simulations. Optimization for reduction per pass and diemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05010 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05010 (Member Price)

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Drawing technology of shotblasted rod

Drawing technology of shotblasted rod

Eliminating acid and cleaning the rod surface by in-line shot blasting requires a modification to the rod preparation and also the drawing technology, mainly shot-mix, pre-coating dies and lubricantsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04636 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04636 (Member Price)

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Drawing titanium and zirconium wire.

Drawing titanium and zirconium wire.

The manufacture, characteristics, applications, and wiredrawing of titanium and zirconium are discussed. Tables show the maximum permissible H 62 1 content and the typical mechanical properties of anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01777 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01777 (Member Price)

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Drawing with pressure system dies

Drawing with pressure system dies

With pressure system dies, wire lubrication is increased, friction is decreased, drawing speeds can be increased and die life is improved. The pressure is found by an arrangement of two dies, the firmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05063 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05063 (Member Price)

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Drawn bars: influence of straightening conditions

Drawn bars: influence of straightening conditions

The working parameters of a rolling machine with two hyperbolic rolls were varied in order to get the characteristics required by product specifications. The tests were repeated with materials differmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05019 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05019 (Member Price)

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Drawn into Wire

Drawn into Wire

Numerous, often coincidental, episodes during 40 years of functioning in many different “worlds of wire” have nurtured the author’s fascination with the entire technological history of wire and its umore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04857 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04857 (Member Price)

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Dry drawing lubricants and borax

Dry drawing lubricants and borax

This paper discusses borax and boron compounds in wiredrawing products and dry lubricants. It also addresses related standards and regulations such as the Global Harmonization System (GHS) for classimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05416 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05416 (Member Price)

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Dry, chemical-free surface treatment in continuous copper-alloy production

Dry, chemical-free surface treatment in continuous copper-alloy production

This paper provides an overview of the plasma surface and heat treatment process for continuous copper alloy wires, strips, foils and tubes. Plasma offers the advantage over traditional wet/chemical more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05348 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05348 (Member Price)

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Dual phase steels for cold-heading applications

Dual phase steels for cold-heading applications

As-hot-rolled dual phase microstructures have been produced in various micro-alloyed low carbon, silicon-manganese steels. The strength and formability of these microstructures were characterized usimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04778 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04778 (Member Price)

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Ductility in reinforcing steel: new parameter and applications

Ductility in reinforcing steel: new parameter and applications

Definition and quantification of ductility in reinforcing steels by means of a single parameter has not yet been resolved satisfactorily. This study summarizes the models developed to date and puts fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05459 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05459 (Member Price)

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Ductility of pearlitic wires under different loading

Ductility of pearlitic wires under different loading

Highly drawn, high-carbon steel wire is a nanophase composite with an approximate ferrite lamellae thickness of 10 nm and cementite lamellae thickness close to 2 nm. Understanding fundamental aspectsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05219 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05219 (Member Price)

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Durability of Al-Cu hot-pressure welding joints

Durability of Al-Cu hot-pressure welding joints

The durability of Al-Cu hot-pressure welding joints used as a transition member at terminals of aluminum conductors is discussed. The hot-pressure welding procedure, mechanical properties, long-term more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03096 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03096 (Member Price)

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Dynamic preventative maintenance systems (DPMS) for purchasing in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Dynamic preventative maintenance systems (DPMS) for purchasing in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Steel tire cord plants rely on PM programs to address inevitable equipment wear. Reducing PM programs in times of tight budgets jeopardizes profitability by loss of efficiency, increased operating comore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05318 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05318 (Member Price)

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Dynamic recrystallization of continuous cast copper wire rod and the rapid tensile test

Dynamic recrystallization of continuous cast copper wire rod and the rapid tensile test

This paper presents the technological parameter characteristics of casting and rolling processes (temperature distribution, strains, kinematics of rolling process) of ETP grade copper. It includes anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05474 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05474 (Member Price)

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Economic and chemical comparisons of hydrochloric acid recovery technologies for iron pickling operations

Economic and chemical comparisons of hydrochloric acid recovery technologies for iron pickling operations

This paper presents an evaluation of available technologies to recover hydrochloric acid from spent wire pickling solutions. Technologies reviewed include prohydrolysis, acid retardation, diffusion dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05532 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05532 (Member Price)

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Eddy current testing

Eddy current testing

The paper reviews the latest advances in eddy current production testing of both cold drawn wire and hot rolled material with particular attention to the use of computers to automatically control setmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04371 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04371 (Member Price)

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Eddy current testing of bar, rod and wire during hot rolling

Eddy current testing of bar, rod and wire during hot rolling

Eddy current testing is a proven technology for surface inspection of bar, wire and rod during hot rolling. The water cooled encircling type test coil systems that are used for this application must more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04537 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04537 (Member Price)

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Eddy current twist test and rod evaluation

Eddy current twist test and rod evaluation

The paper will present a development program between Foerster Instruments, Inc., and Phelps Dodge Copper Products to automate the 10X10 twist test by integrating eddy current and the twist test to obmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04254 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04254 (Member Price)

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Effect of additional shear strain layer on microstructure and tensile strength of fine wire

Effect of additional shear strain layer on microstructure and tensile strength of fine wire

A hardened layer around 0.04 mm in depth, referred to as the “additional shear strain layer,” is generated beneath the surface layer of the wire, and the additional shear strain layer affects the tenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05259 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05259 (Member Price)

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Effect of additional shear strain layer on tensile strength and ductility of fine drawn wire

Effect of additional shear strain layer on tensile strength and ductility of fine drawn wire

A hardened layer around 40 ?m referred to as the “additional shear strain layer” is generated beneath the surface layer of the wire. Through tensile tests of fine wire with and without the additionalmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05170 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05170 (Member Price)

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Effect of B and Si on the formation of graphite particles in medium-carbon steels

Effect of B and Si on the formation of graphite particles in medium-carbon steels

Machining is inevitable in most cases for obtaining complicated shapes, even though advanced forming technology has been developed. Graphite particles are known to improve machinability of steels thamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05336 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05336 (Member Price)

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Effect of back-tension in drawing on diameter of bar and wire

Effect of back-tension in drawing on diameter of bar and wire

This paper focuses on the effects of back-tension during drawing on changing diameter. Back-tension, reduction of area, and thermal expansion of die diameter are the main factors in changing the diammore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05232 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05232 (Member Price)

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Effect of boron alloying on austenite decomposition in 0.80C wire rod grades

Effect of boron alloying on austenite decomposition in 0.80C wire rod grades

This paper investigates the effect of boron alloying on austenite decomposition in 0.80C-0.50Mn-0.25Si-0.20Cr wire grades. This investigation is part of a research effort to use boron alloying to minmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05432 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05432 (Member Price)

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Effect of boron alloying on the mechanical properties of high carbon wire rods

Effect of boron alloying on the mechanical properties of high carbon wire rods

Boron alloying has been successfully used in low carbon grades to limit nitrogen strain aging effects. Reduced work hardening and improved (torsional) ductility are typically observed. This study evamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05447 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05447 (Member Price)

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Effect of brass plating on the drawability in fine steel wire with pearlite structure

Effect of brass plating on the drawability in fine steel wire with pearlite structure

Brass plating on fine steel wire functions not only as an adhesion to rubber but also as a lubricant carrier for drawing. Although many studies on adhesion to rubber have been done, there are few fromore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04493 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04493 (Member Price)

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Effect of cold work and heat treating on the formation of a brittle alloy layer during hot dipped galvanizing

Effect of cold work and heat treating on the formation of a brittle alloy layer during hot dipped galvanizing

The relationship between the amount of cold work, surface roughness, and thickness of delta phase (FeZn) for very short dipping times was investigated. It was shown that the thickness of delta phase more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04317 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04317 (Member Price)

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Effect of descaling methods of wire rod on surface texture of drawn wires

Effect of descaling methods of wire rod on surface texture of drawn wires

This work describes the chemical and mechanical (stream) descaling of high carbon steel rope wire rods (grades D55 and D75). Longitudinal and circumferential measurements of surface texture parametemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04747 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04747 (Member Price)

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Effect of die approach geometry and bearing length on residual stress after bar drawing

Effect of die approach geometry and bearing length on residual stress after bar drawing

The effect of die approach geometry on axial residual stress after bar drawing was investigated by the experiment and FEM analysis. The entrance of the die should use angle-type and the corner radiusmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04882 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04882 (Member Price)

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Effect of die semi-angle and multi-pass drawing on additional shear strain layer

Effect of die semi-angle and multi-pass drawing on additional shear strain layer

The hardened layer at the surface of fine-drawn wire, the additional shear strain layer, is around 0.04 mm in depth and is generated by the friction between dies and wire. The main purpose of this pamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05289 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05289 (Member Price)

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Effect of drawing conditions in tandem pass drawing on drawn diameter

Effect of drawing conditions in tandem pass drawing on drawn diameter

In recent years, high-quality drawn bar and wire have been required for automobile components and office equipment. Tandem pass drawing is one method of reducing residual stress generating back tensimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05363 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05363 (Member Price)

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Effect of drawing in sigmoidal, concave, convex and conical dies on mechanical properties of high carbon steel wires

Effect of drawing in sigmoidal, concave, convex and conical dies on mechanical properties of high carbon steel wires

This paper investigates the effects of high-carbon steel wire dies with different approach zone shapes. It has been found that the highest number of twists and cycles to failure during rotational beamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05249 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05249 (Member Price)

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Effect of high die angle and strain hardening coefficient on central bursting of carbon steel wires

Effect of high die angle and strain hardening coefficient on central bursting of carbon steel wires

This paper is a continuation of work concerned with experimental verification of the Avitzur, Wright, and Yoshida criteria for central bursting in drawing of high-carbon steel wire in dies with semi more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05193 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05193 (Member Price)

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Effect of high-quality wire rod and micro-alloying on properties of steel wire in PCCP

Effect of high-quality wire rod and micro-alloying on properties of steel wire in PCCP

The effect of alloying elements, e.g., chromium, vanadium, etc., have been studied. Along with the standard electrochemical tests, FIP tests were also carried out to assess the Hydrogen Embrittlementmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05206 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05206 (Member Price)

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Effect of high-speed drawing on properties of high-carbon steel wires

Effect of high-speed drawing on properties of high-carbon steel wires

Wire rods with a diameter of 5.5 mm from two steel grades C52D2 (0.52%C) and C72DP (0.72%C) were drawn to a diameter of 1.35 mm in 13 draws and at two drawing speeds (0.5 m/s and 20 m/s). It was founmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05230 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05230 (Member Price)

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Effect of humidity of drawing environment on dynamic fatigue of polymer coated high strength silica optical fiber

Effect of humidity of drawing environment on dynamic fatigue of polymer coated high strength silica optical fiber

Dynamic fatigue behavior of high strength silica optical fibers were measured as a function of relative humidity of draw environment and two different mode of loading, tensile and two-point bending. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05080 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05080 (Member Price)

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Effect of iron and silicon content and previous cold working of 1350 aluminum alloy after the wiredrawing process

Effect of iron and silicon content and previous cold working of 1350 aluminum alloy after the wiredrawing process

Properties of two different aluminum rod lots were studied in this paper. Differences in ultimate tensile stress were observed after wiredrawing, even though both samples complied with the standard cmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05338 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05338 (Member Price)

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Effect of mechanical descaling on the surface of wire rod for drawing or cold heading

Effect of mechanical descaling on the surface of wire rod for drawing or cold heading

Wire rod is descaled, more and more, by using mechanical methods such as brushing and shot blasting. These techniques are more productive and pollute less than chemical processes. This evolution requmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04254 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04254 (Member Price)

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Effect of mechanical properties on diameter of drawn steel materials

Effect of mechanical properties on diameter of drawn steel materials

This paper investigates the effect of mechanical properties on the diameter of drawn materials. The authors found that the properties are changed by the amount of carbon, total reduction of area, andmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05305 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05305 (Member Price)

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Effect of parameters of extrusion on strain and stress states in the manufacturing process of wire from alloy CuAg15P5

Effect of parameters of extrusion on strain and stress states in the manufacturing process of wire from alloy CuAg15P5

Wire made from copper-silver-phosphorus alloys are considered very good solders for joining elements from copper and its alloys. Phosphorus content eliminates the need for flux, but also lowers plastmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05365 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05365 (Member Price)

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Effect of residual elements on rod quality and implications to end user

Effect of residual elements on rod quality and implications to end user

Carbon steel rods are characterized by their chemistry, dimensions, scale and mechanical properties. Residual elements in carbon steel rods are normally considered to be an undesirable but inevitablemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04558 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04558 (Member Price)

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Effect of roller die drawing on mechanical properties and some ASTRO characteristics of high carbon steel wires

Effect of roller die drawing on mechanical properties and some ASTRO characteristics of high carbon steel wires

It has been found that wires drawn in roller dies have revealed the smallest value of residual stresses and the smoothest surface as compared with those characteristics for wires drawn conventionallymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04958 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04958 (Member Price)

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Effect of Stelmor-cooled rod on wire flattening operations.

Effect of Stelmor-cooled rod on wire flattening operations.

This article deals with the impact of Stelmor-cooled rod on the production of flat wire at Newman-Crosby Steel. Advantages of the Stelmor cooled rod for the producer of flat wire are outlined, most smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03485 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03485 (Member Price)

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Effect of strain hardening exponent on the occurrence of central burst in aluminum wiredrawing process

Effect of strain hardening exponent on the occurrence of central burst in aluminum wiredrawing process

This paper is concerned with the effect of strain hardening exponent on the prediction of central burst defect in aluminum wires. The major conclusion of this study is that, for a range of combinatiomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05144 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05144 (Member Price)

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Effect of strain rates in dynamic plastometer tests on yield stress of steel wires with boron

Effect of strain rates in dynamic plastometer tests on yield stress of steel wires with boron

Screws for the automobile industry were manufactured from wires of steel 23 MnB4 with carbon content 0.1-0.15 percent. In many cases, these screws exhibited surface defects (pitting). A boron-modifiemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04829 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04829 (Member Price)

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Effect of the distance between inclusions and reduction ratio on wire breaks in Cu fine wiredrawing

Effect of the distance between inclusions and reduction ratio on wire breaks in Cu fine wiredrawing

The presence of an inclusion in wire increases the likelihood of wire breaks, even with a high reduction in area. This article is aimed at determining the reduction in area relative to the presence omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04914 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04914 (Member Price)

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Effect of the Sn content of bead wire and the kind of compound on the interface morphology

Effect of the Sn content of bead wire and the kind of compound on the interface morphology

This paper presents the effect on the structure of adhesion interface and adhesion strength of the Sn content of bead wire and of compound types. The clean adhesion interlayer was successfully obtainmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05357 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05357 (Member Price)

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Effect of the surface defects in steel wire on cold forgeability.

Effect of the surface defects in steel wire on cold forgeability.

The relationship between surface defects in steel rod and fractures in cold forged metals was studied; test methods and results are presented. Two systems for automatic magnetic surface inspection ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03112 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03112 (Member Price)

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Effect of water quality on wiredrawing lubricants

Effect of water quality on wiredrawing lubricants

This paper discusses the effects of water quality on three classes of soluble wiredrawing lubricants—emulsifiable/soluble oil type, semi-synthetic, and synthetic. Discussion includes water as definedmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05442 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05442 (Member Price)

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Effect of wire rod size and its packing density on the strength deviation of high carbon steel wire rod in the Stelmor Process

Effect of wire rod size and its packing density on the strength deviation of high carbon steel wire rod in the Stelmor Process

In this study an attempt to minimize the tensile strength deviation in high carbon steel wire rods manufactured by the forced air cooling, i.e., Stelmor cooling, was made. The effect of the packing dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04474 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04474 (Member Price)

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Effect on back-tension and drawing direction on wire properties in copper wiredrawing

Effect on back-tension and drawing direction on wire properties in copper wiredrawing

Kazunari Yoshida and Ryuta Ido, Tokai University, and Tsutomu Yamashita, Tanaka Denshi Kogyo Co., Ltd., Japan

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04849 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04849 (Member Price)

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Effective use of infrared heating for wire and cable applications

Effective use of infrared heating for wire and cable applications

Infrared heat transfer is a non-mechanical (quiet) and non-contact means of transferring large quantities of heat energy to a target at the speed of light. This paper discusses infrared technology asmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05406 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05406 (Member Price)

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Effects of compound ingredients on rubber adhesion to steel cord

Effects of compound ingredients on rubber adhesion to steel cord

Adhesion between brass plating and rubber is influenced by numerous factors such as the compound ingredients, composition of brass plating, rubber processing conditions and aging conditions. Studies more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04866 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04866 (Member Price)

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Effects of contact resistances in multi-strand cables on linear resistance measurements

Effects of contact resistances in multi-strand cables on linear resistance measurements

It is often difficult to overcome errors and instabilities while measuring the linear resistance of multi-strand cables and cords. This paper demonstrates that the main issue stems from inter-wires cmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05449 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05449 (Member Price)

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Effects of experimental conditions in angled drawing on curvature of fine wire

Effects of experimental conditions in angled drawing on curvature of fine wire

Recently, demand for fine wire has increased. Fine wire with constant curvature is produced using inclined or angled dies. This paper investigates the effects of experimental conditions in angled dramore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05392 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05392 (Member Price)

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Effects of high-pressure descaling and alcohol on the rod surface quality

Effects of high-pressure descaling and alcohol on the rod surface quality

Surface quality in general, and surface oxide thickness and dusting characteristics in particular, are very important for the further processing of copper rod. In wiredrawing operations, the drawing more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05293 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05293 (Member Price)

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Effects of initial strength and initial diameter of as-patented state on delamination sensitivity of UHT steel cords

Effects of initial strength and initial diameter of as-patented state on delamination sensitivity of UHT steel cords

This paper investigates the effects of initial strength and initial diameter of as-patented wire on the delamination properties of ultra high tensile (UHT) steel cords. Based on the experimental resumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05231 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05231 (Member Price)

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Effects of oxygen concentration on the recrystallization behavior of copper wire

Effects of oxygen concentration on the recrystallization behavior of copper wire

A detailed study has been conducted on continuously cast copper rod to determine the effects of oxygen content, in the range of 10-1000 parts per million, upon annealing behavior of drawn wire. The more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04220 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04220 (Member Price)

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Effects of patenting conditions of cord-wire on central burst during drawing process

Effects of patenting conditions of cord-wire on central burst during drawing process

'Central-burst' of cord-wire during drawing process was a serious problem. Therefore, we carried out a testing program in order to clarify the effect of patenting conditions on 'central-burst' when more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04221 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04221 (Member Price)

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Effects of the addition of various alloying elements to high-carbon steel on the mechanical characteristics of hard-drawn wire

Effects of the addition of various alloying elements to high-carbon steel on the mechanical characteristics of hard-drawn wire

The effects of titanium, aluminum, vanadium, boron, silicon, chromium, chromium-manganese and other alloys when added to high carbon steel are discussed. Testing procedures and results are described.more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02865 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02865 (Member Price)

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Efficient filtration for nonferrous wire annealing and quench solution

Efficient filtration for nonferrous wire annealing and quench solution

The focus of the paper will be on the maintenance and operational issues relative to annealing solutions particularly for nonferrous wire applications. It will discuss the effects and benefits of filmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05087 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05087 (Member Price)

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Efficient process linking and flexible production with single twist stranding

Efficient process linking and flexible production with single twist stranding

Cable manufacturers are unlikely to invest in new machines unless these bring clear benefits in quality and efficiency. In view of increasingly tough competition, it takes more and more significant imore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05122 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05122 (Member Price)

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Elaboration of the mode and device for combined processes of drawing and dressing of shapes and tubes of small cross sections

Elaboration of the mode and device for combined processes of drawing and dressing of shapes and tubes of small cross sections

In this paper, the equipment used to process the combined drawing and smooth shape tube with a small cross-section. Demonstrates how to provide high quality surface tubes of deformation.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05340 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05340 (Member Price)

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Electric direct resistance patenting and tempering of spring wire, Part I

Electric direct resistance patenting and tempering of spring wire, Part I

The operating costs, effects on grain structure, and physical properties of products resulting from electric direct resistance patenting and tempering of steel spring wire are discussed. A diagram ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00611 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00611 (Member Price)

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Electrical resistance welding

Electrical resistance welding

Electrical resistance welding is discussed. The welding operation, flash welding, upset welding, welding machines, timing controls, and flash and upset dies are described. The benefits of this type omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01656 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01656 (Member Price)

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Electrically heated patenting furnaces.

Electrically heated patenting furnaces.

The use of electrically heated patenting furnaces is described. Furnace design, electrical design, control of power input, power consumption, the calculation of cost, and trends in electric vs. gas hmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03243 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03243 (Member Price)

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Electro-galvanizing of round wire.

Electro-galvanizing of round wire.

Several aspects of electrogalvanizing round wire are discussed. The development of the process both abroad and in the U.S. is described. Current techniques, the effects on bending, torsion and tensilmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00532 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00532 (Member Price)

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Electromagnetic (EM) non-destructive evaluation of steel wire ropes: a preview

Electromagnetic (EM) non-destructive evaluation of steel wire ropes: a preview

Magnetic non-destructive evaluation allows an increase in the safe use of steel ropes due to subjective, reliable, and documented evaluation of real rope conditions and by ensuring timely rope replacmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05205 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05205 (Member Price)

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Electromagnetic stirring application in copper bar manufacturing

Electromagnetic stirring application in copper bar manufacturing

The electromagnetic stirring system, located inside the casting zone in the Hazelett caster, uses electromagnetic forces to improve copper rod quality. After two years, its performance shows a reductmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04401 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04401 (Member Price)

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Electromagnetic testing techniques for quality grading of nonferrous rod and wire

Electromagnetic testing techniques for quality grading of nonferrous rod and wire

Electromagnetic nondestructive inspection is widely used for trading nonferrous rod and wire quality. This paper discusses two individual inspections done with a single non-contact encircling coil: more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04944 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04944 (Member Price)

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Electromagnetic wiping - The breakthrough ... at last

Electromagnetic wiping - The breakthrough ... at last

There have been extensive developments along the way, but the concept of using electromagnetic forces to wipe the galvanized coating is now well proven. Benefits include coat weights consistently helmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04961 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04961 (Member Price)

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Electron processing techniques for wire and cable irradiation.

Electron processing techniques for wire and cable irradiation.

Electron beam crosslinking of polyethylene insulation is discussed. Topics include beam penetration geometry during single-sided, double-sided, and rotary treatment; processing rates; and continuous more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01755 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01755 (Member Price)

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Electronic methods for nondestructive testing of non-ferrous wire

Electronic methods for nondestructive testing of non-ferrous wire

Electronic methods for non-destructive testing of nonferrous wire are reviewed and their advantages are detailed. The need for inspection; eddy current techniques; application to Properzi mill aluminmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02252 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02252 (Member Price)

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Electroplating of wires (and other semi-finished products) in continuously operating lines

Electroplating of wires (and other semi-finished products) in continuously operating lines

The use of continuous lines for electroplating wire and other semi-finished products is described. Electrogalvanizing, brass plating of steel tire cord, and electro-deposition of tin can be accomplismore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03082 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03082 (Member Price)

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Electropolishing stainless steel --a useful finishing process

Electropolishing stainless steel --a useful finishing process

A new electropolishing technique for stainless steel wire and wire products is presented. The chemical makeup and role of the solutions, the step-by-step procedures, examples of articles suitable formore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01537 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01537 (Member Price)

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Elevated temperature and strain rate constitutive data for process simulation

Elevated temperature and strain rate constitutive data for process simulation

This paper covers issues and procedures relevant to constitutive relations and elevated temperature and strain rate testing of metals. The need for high quality materials data is imperative for realimore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05085 (Member Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05085 (List Price)

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Elevated temperature properties of copper base alloys.

Elevated temperature properties of copper base alloys.

The properties of copper base alloys at elevated temperatures were investigated. Tensile, creep, and creep-rupture (stress-rupture) tests were conducted; the results are presented.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02004 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02004 (Member Price)

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EMAT-based UT inspection of com-cast rod for internal flaws

EMAT-based UT inspection of com-cast rod for internal flaws

This paper addresses a new method of detecting internal rod defects on the rod production line. This EMAT (Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer) based ultrasonic inspection is sensitive to internal demore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05003 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05003 (Member Price)

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Emerging applications for copper-clad steel and aluminum wire

Emerging applications for copper-clad steel and aluminum wire

This paper explains the manufacture of copper-clad steel and aluminum wire and identifies opportunities to take advantage of the unique combinations of properties in clad wire. Copper-clad steel is bmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05263 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05263 (Member Price)

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Energy-efficient operation of pulse-jet dust collection systems

Energy-efficient operation of pulse-jet dust collection systems

This presentation outlines methods that contribute to reducing energy consumption on a dust collection system to support energy-saving initiatives. It examines: 1. the most common opportunities for emore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05517 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05517 (Member Price)

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Engineering brass coatings by sequential plating

Engineering brass coatings by sequential plating

Brass plating of steel tire cord is discussed, whereby the plating acts as a lubricant during wet drawing and as an adhesion agent for bonding to rubber. Sequential plating is compared to alloy platmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03865 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03865 (Member Price)

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Enhanced electromagnetic monitoring system for quality improvement of copper rod

Enhanced electromagnetic monitoring system for quality improvement of copper rod

This paper presents a methodology to maximize acquiring manufacturing and quality data using the statistical characteristics of the eddy current scores. Using an enhanced setting for the eddy defect more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05207 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05207 (Member Price)

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Environmental monitoring for facility compliance determination

Environmental monitoring for facility compliance determination

Taking a proactive approach to environmental permitting and monitoring can save any facility time, effort and money. Knowing upfront that facility owners, operators and managers understand their procmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04889 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04889 (Member Price)

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E-Phos technology for wiredrawing

E-Phos technology for wiredrawing

Granodraw E-Phos is a new pre-treatment process for sludge-free formation of zinc phosphate coatings on wire used for drawing. The process is enhanced by an electrical current, providing better surfamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05025 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05025 (Member Price)

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Establishing a tape standardization program.

Establishing a tape standardization program.

Steps taken at the electrical plant of John A. Roebling's Sons Division of Colorado Fuel and Iron Corp to standardize and control taping practices for electrical cable are outlined. Selection of the more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01898 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01898 (Member Price)

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Estimation of designing methods for the drawing of section rods and wire

Estimation of designing methods for the drawing of section rods and wire

The design of raw material and tools has an important influence on the quality of drawn section rods and wire. Various designing methods and their effects on products are shown by the example of a nomore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04725 (Member Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04257 (List Price)

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Estimation of dynamical viscosity coefficient of natrium soap in wiredrawing process

Estimation of dynamical viscosity coefficient of natrium soap in wiredrawing process

This work uses dynamic viscosity coefficient calculations to analyze die performance in hydrodynamic drawing of low-carbon steel wire. Dynamic coefficients of viscosity have been calculated for the more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04945 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04945 (Member Price)

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