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Copper alloy wires – applications, technical requirements and modern production methods

Copper alloy wires – applications, technical requirements and modern production methods

This paper discusses three of the main applications for wires made out of copper alloy: 1. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM), 2. battery pins, and 3. micro-plug pins. It presents the commonalitiesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05245 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05245 (Member Price)

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Copper Cathode Quality as Affected by Hydrogen and Organic Additives:  An Update

Copper Cathode Quality as Affected by Hydrogen and Organic Additives: An Update

Recent measurements of world produced copper cathodes shows a correlation between the hydrogen content of the cathode and its carbon content. Good correlation has also been obtained between the hydrmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04123 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04123 (Member Price)

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Copper clad aluminum wire --  a new electrical conductor material.

Copper clad aluminum wire -- a new electrical conductor material.

The characteristics and properties of copper-clad aluminum wire are discussed. Mechanical properties, in-line resistance annealing, compound formation, resistivity data, and general manufacturing promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02359 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02359 (Member Price)

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Copper clad aluminum wire: material system for the electrical industry

Copper clad aluminum wire: material system for the electrical industry

The qualities of copper clad aluminum wire which make it an excellent substitute for pure copper wire for electrical conductor use are described. Some of the problems with developing suitable connectmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02538 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02538 (Member Price)

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Copper LAN cables - Have they reached their speed limit

Copper LAN cables - Have they reached their speed limit

To make better decisions about investing in new equipment for controlling the process and machinery used to produce copper LAN cables, it is important to know how they perform relative to their transmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05032 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05032 (Member Price)

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Copper LAN cables: how to improve transmission capacity by reducing manufacturing process variations

Copper LAN cables: how to improve transmission capacity by reducing manufacturing process variations

With the rapid growth pace of the Internet and wireless technologies in recent years, the preponderance of copper cables in local area networks is amazing. This paper attempts to explain the key factmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04884 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04884 (Member Price)

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Copper multiwire drawing and annealing at high speed

Copper multiwire drawing and annealing at high speed

This paper discusses a high-speed multiwire drawing line for semi-manufactured products. The line was designed to obtain flexible strands with a high section and seven-wire concentric strands with semore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04995 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04995 (Member Price)

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Copper plating on steel wire

Copper plating on steel wire

There is a new proprietary alkaline non-cyanide copper process that provides process advantages and plated copper characteristics for the copper plating of steel wire. Acid copper is utilized to platmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04959 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04959 (Member Price)

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Copper rod and wire welds' influence on drawing performance

Copper rod and wire welds' influence on drawing performance

To assure the continuity of the drawing process of copper rod, the raw material on coils, and the pre-drawn wires on baskets or spools are welded in front of the drawing machines. Two processes are tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05175 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05175 (Member Price)

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Copper rod quality and fine wire production

Copper rod quality and fine wire production

This paper presents the latest technology in making oxygen-free copper rod - the high-speed “up-cast” 8 mm process describing its manufacture and metallurgical properties. It focuses on the quality omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04932 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04932 (Member Price)

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Copper rod requirements for magnet wire

Copper rod requirements for magnet wire

The requirements for copper rod used for magnet wire, for which no specifications currently exist, are summarized. Various measurements are charted, with corresponding ranges of values and comments bmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03796 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03796 (Member Price)

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Copper rod rolling lubricants--The effect of quench characteristics on roll performance

Copper rod rolling lubricants--The effect of quench characteristics on roll performance

This technical paper demonstrates the relationship between soluble copper rod rolling lubricant quench characteristics, and their effect on rolling mill roll performance. It looks at the emulsion-coomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04895 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04895 (Member Price)

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Copper shaft furnace melting and charging: A new approach

Copper shaft furnace melting and charging: A new approach

Few successful attempts have been made to optimize heat transfer in the copper melting shaft furnace since its development in the early 1960s. Encore Wire, Ltd. The efficiency of one 25-foot tall vermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05082 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05082 (Member Price)

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Copper wire breaks: an update

Copper wire breaks: an update

Scanning electron microscopy and 3D photography are used to evaluate super fine and ultra fine copper wire breaks. Metal flow characteristics of the fracture area are distinguished by observing the dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03455 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03455 (Member Price)

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Copper wire failure classification methodology based on rod and wire manufacturing processes

Copper wire failure classification methodology based on rod and wire manufacturing processes

Demand for higher quality rod/wire products necessitates an advance and practical wire failure classification technique. This paper presents a classification methodology based on rod and wire manufamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04389 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04389 (Member Price)

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Copper wiredrawing lubricants tribology, chemistry, and technology

Copper wiredrawing lubricants tribology, chemistry, and technology

Lubricity improvers, extreme-pressure additives and friction modifiers are the most effective tribological weapons in the war against wear. In the last few years considerable efforts have been made tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05041 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05041 (Member Price)

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Correlation between surface defects of bar copper wire and faults in magnet wire

Correlation between surface defects of bar copper wire and faults in magnet wire

The magnet wire used in most electric or electronic devices is manufactured by applying varnish as an insulating material on the drawn copper or aluminum wire. If there is bad adhesion between metalmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04898 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04898 (Member Price)

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Correlation between the flaw size and distribution of pre and post prooftest level of draw abraded fiber

Correlation between the flaw size and distribution of pre and post prooftest level of draw abraded fiber

The mechanical reliability of single mode optical fiber is determined by the presence of surface flaws, such as atmosphere particles during drawing operations, that can cause abrasion damage. Prooftmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04920 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04920 (Member Price)

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Correlation of surface quality subsurface quality and fine generation analysis

Correlation of surface quality subsurface quality and fine generation analysis

Subsurface analysis is often necessary to understand wire surface quality evolution. The fine generation process also influences both surface and subsurface quality (and vice versa). Techniques for smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04345 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04345 (Member Price)

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Corrosion mechanism of brass-coated steel cords for tires

Corrosion mechanism of brass-coated steel cords for tires

The attempt is to clarify the mechanisms govening corrosive attack by environmental elements.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03804 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03804 (Member Price)

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Cost reduction using SPC: A management overview

Cost reduction using SPC: A management overview

More and more customers are defining quality as the degree of variation about a target. Management must take a leadership role in providing the philosophy and the education that will create a culturemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04974 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04974 (Member Price)

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Costs and benefits of highly efficient wire cleaning by ultrasound: a case study

Costs and benefits of highly efficient wire cleaning by ultrasound: a case study

This paper analyzes the effects of changing wire cleaning from conventional methods to highly efficient ultrasonic cleaning. It is intended to evaluate development of this technology from an economicmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04825 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04825 (Member Price)

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Creep and relaxation of high strength steel wires at room temperature

Creep and relaxation of high strength steel wires at room temperature

The results of studies on relationships between creep, relaxation and strain of high strength steel wire are presented. The results are of use for improving the physical properties of wire.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01234 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01234 (Member Price)

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Creep behavior of aluminum wire affects performance of ACSR cable

Creep behavior of aluminum wire affects performance of ACSR cable

A series of tests on the creep behavior of aluminum wire used in ACSR cable are described. The results from experiments on wire produced by differing methods indicate that wires drawn from Properzi rmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02821 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02821 (Member Price)

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Creep of nickel, copper and nickel-copper alloys.

Creep of nickel, copper and nickel-copper alloys.

The results of an investigation of creep rate of nickel, copper, and nickel-copper alloys are presented. Creep resistance was highest for the nickel-copper alloys. The influence of creep rate on elonmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01999 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01999 (Member Price)

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Criteria for the prevention of filament wire breaking during the fabrication of multifilamentary composite superconducting wire

Criteria for the prevention of filament wire breaking during the fabrication of multifilamentary composite superconducting wire

This study establishes guidelines for the design of the superconductor and of the pass-reduction practices that will lead to the fabrication of high quality, defect-free superconducting wire in a repmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04873 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04873 (Member Price)

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Criteria of central bursting – experimental verification

Criteria of central bursting – experimental verification

Different criteria of central bursting during steel wiredrawing were verified using equations from the nomograms of Avitzur, Wright, and Yoshida. These criteria were calculated and verified by microsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05179 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05179 (Member Price)

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Critical annealing temperatures of brass wire

Critical annealing temperatures of brass wire

The relationships between elongation, tensile strength and annealing temperature of brass wire are illustrated. The effects of chilling and the causes of brittleness are described. The practical applmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00177 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00177 (Member Price)

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Critical evaluation of full lock coil ropes in cage and skip winders in a uranium mine based on nondestructive observation

Critical evaluation of full lock coil ropes in cage and skip winders in a uranium mine based on nondestructive observation

In order to prevent accidents, wire ropes must be evaluated by proper nondestructive methods. Periodic in-situ measurement of faults is useful to determine the effects of various parameters on rope lmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05243 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05243 (Member Price)

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Critical factors in the establishment or upgrading of a fabric reinforcement factory

Critical factors in the establishment or upgrading of a fabric reinforcement factory

This paper will examine the critical factors to consider when establishing a new factory for steel reinforcement fabric “mesh” or upgrading an existing one. The need for exactly defining market objecmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04991 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04991 (Member Price)

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Crosslinkable polyethylene for wire and cable: an update.

Crosslinkable polyethylene for wire and cable: an update.

Advantages gained by employing crosslinked polyethylene in cable insulation open the article. Technologies used in the production of XLPE, inclusive of peroxide crosslinking, radiation crosslinking, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03438 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03438 (Member Price)

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Cryogenic tempering: where do we go from here?

Cryogenic tempering: where do we go from here?

A new technology called cryogenic tempering is discussed. Cryogenic tempering is a process in which a metal is quenched in liquid nitrogen at -300 degrees F (-149 degrees C) after heat treatment. Tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04905 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04905 (Member Price)

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Crystallographic texture in drawn wires: measurement, modeling, and effect on mechanical properties

Crystallographic texture in drawn wires: measurement, modeling, and effect on mechanical properties

The 2012 Mordica Memorial Lecture begins with a short introduction on the theory of crystallographic textures—what they are and how they can be measured and represented, with specifics for drawn wiremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05493 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05493 (Member Price)

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Current technologies for the control of zinc in high-speed galvanizing and galvanizing

Current technologies for the control of zinc in high-speed galvanizing and galvanizing

Current galvanizing lines and the more frequent use for galfan require wiping technologies that combine a predetermined coating and very high flexibility in implementation. This paper will present prmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05131 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05131 (Member Price)

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Cutting edge gauging solutions: From the hot rolling mills, to wiredrawing, to wire and cable processing

Cutting edge gauging solutions: From the hot rolling mills, to wiredrawing, to wire and cable processing

This paper will examine the trends in gauging for all application segments of wire and cable processing. The paper will start with new solutions and trends for hot steel and metal mills to measure tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05058 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05058 (Member Price)

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Data acquisition: A quality asurance tool

Data acquisition: A quality asurance tool

Changing quality requirements in the copper rod industry has caused increased interest in data acquisition. These changing quality requirements has increased the need for SPC information using real-more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04033 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04033 (Member Price)

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Deblasting: A new technology for scale removal of hot-rolled steel rod

Deblasting: A new technology for scale removal of hot-rolled steel rod

Deblasting to remove scale from rod combines bending, descaling and shot blasting in a single wheel machine. The process reduces operating costs related to energy, maintenance and consumables, while more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04816 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04816 (Member Price)

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Decarburization and scale formation

Decarburization and scale formation

Annealing experiments performed on three grades of open-hearth steels of wire rod grades C 1045, 1065, and 1085 are described. Carbon amounts given off during annealing, degree of scale formation, efmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02961 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02961 (Member Price)

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Decarburization-free and soot-free batch-annealing with automated atmosphere

Decarburization-free and soot-free batch-annealing with automated atmosphere

RAD-CON, Inc., is presenting results from leading edge technology that accurately controls atmosphere for sub-critical annealing of drawn wire and wire rod. The paper presents the benefits of this nemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05011 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05011 (Member Price)

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Decoding codes, standards, and fire safety markings

Decoding codes, standards, and fire safety markings

Without analytical scrutiny, it is impossible to know the properties—such as combustibility and smoke generation—of materials composing cable jackets, insulation, spacers, conductors, and other compomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05284 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05284 (Member Price)

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Decrease in residual stresses in drawn wire and rod

Decrease in residual stresses in drawn wire and rod

This paper discusses the stress in drawn wire after it leaves the drawing die and is coiled on the drawing drum. It demonstrates that the decisive influence on residual stress is exerted by non-unifomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04908 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04908 (Member Price)

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Defects in small-diameter, ultra high-strength wire for tire cord and saw wire applications

Defects in small-diameter, ultra high-strength wire for tire cord and saw wire applications

Fine wire defects in saw wire and steel tire cord are generated during two operations: rod manufacture and product conversion. The lowest-risk wire rod is produced by Japanese steelmakers. The highesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05466 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05466 (Member Price)

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Deformation behavior of round wire in compression using cylindrical tool and analysis of width spreading in flat rolling

Deformation behavior of round wire in compression using cylindrical tool and analysis of width spreading in flat rolling

In order to clarify the deformation behavior of spreading in flat rolling, the compression of round wire using a cylindrical tool was carried out. In the region of compressive deformation, the materimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05102 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05102 (Member Price)

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Degradation of winding insulation under partial discharge

Degradation of winding insulation under partial discharge

The electric stress from fast front repetitive pulse voltages on the winding insulation in a pulse width modulated (PWM) inverter driven induction motor is much more severe than that from conventionamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04972 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04972 (Member Price)

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Demerit grading system: a description of quality tests for copper rod

Demerit grading system: a description of quality tests for copper rod

A quantitative measuring system where surface defects and physical test data for copper rod are assigned a numerical value (demerit) is described. Demerit criteria include surface quality, twist testmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03198 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03198 (Member Price)

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Description of the wiredrawing of a rod based on the crystalline-based plasticity

Description of the wiredrawing of a rod based on the crystalline-based plasticity

The understanding of the dishomogeneity of deformation during the wiredrawing of a rod is developed on the basis of the fundamental concept of the crystal lattice distortion. A mathematical model hasmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05037 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05037 (Member Price)

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Design of a cabling line

Design of a cabling line

Mathematical formulas for designing a cabling line are presented and explained. A schematic diagram of drive design for a cabling line is given.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03004 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03004 (Member Price)

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Design of a drawing process of ASTM A 407 wire without intermediate patenting

Design of a drawing process of ASTM A 407 wire without intermediate patenting

This work presents the efforts which were carried out to design the cold drawing of ASTM A 407 wire from a 5.5-mm diameter, made by hot rolling with Stelmor cooling, to a 1.37-mm diameter without intmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05027 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05027 (Member Price)

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Design of a pressure drawing die

Design of a pressure drawing die

This paper presents preliminary efforts to design a two-part pressure die to draw high-carbon steel wire from 0.140 in. ? to 0.038 in. ?. The results were compared with those obtained using normal dimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05174 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05174 (Member Price)

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Design of convex, concave, and sigmoidal dies

Design of convex, concave, and sigmoidal dies

This paper presents the method for design of convex, concave, and sigmoidal dies. The shapes of those dies were established on the basis of the geometrical parameters of the conical die. It was foundmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05194 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05194 (Member Price)

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Design of the die shape by optimum contact ratio 1/d and its application

Design of the die shape by optimum contact ratio 1/d and its application

Optimum drawing die shapes with optimum contact ratio 1/do were studied by FEM simulation and experiment. Drawing stress and residual stress of the A-die (conical die) and R-die (circle die) were calmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04817 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04817 (Member Price)

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Design of the wire die geometry for polycrystalline diamond tungsten carbide and ceramic die materials

Design of the wire die geometry for polycrystalline diamond tungsten carbide and ceramic die materials

The following topics related to modern die finishing techniques will be covered: design of the wire die geometry for polycrystalline, tungsten carbide and ceramic die materials; advantages of the diemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04288 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04288 (Member Price)

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Design of tools for application of corrugated steel laminated tape armor for fiber optic cables

Design of tools for application of corrugated steel laminated tape armor for fiber optic cables

The basic development of fiber optical cables can be considered complete, but the manufacturing technology still has challenges. One such area is the application of corrugated steel laminated tape amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04936 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04936 (Member Price)

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Design of UTP Category 5 cable

Design of UTP Category 5 cable

Higher performance for the next LAN cable categories is required to provide the capability to transmit voice, data and video signal at faster speeds. One evidence of that is the increase in the amounmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04617 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04617 (Member Price)

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Detection of harmful inclusions in steels for tire cord by a combined automatic technique for quantitative metallography andimicroanalysis -- correlation of results with production experience

Detection of harmful inclusions in steels for tire cord by a combined automatic technique for quantitative metallography andimicroanalysis -- correlation of results with production experience

The authors tested 3 heats for 3 different suppliers of high carbon wire rod produced by cold drawing. They performed an automatic SEM analysis, a chemical analysis of the silico- aluminate inclusiomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03789 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03789 (Member Price)

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Detection of short and long cracks in hot wire rod during rolling

Detection of short and long cracks in hot wire rod during rolling

Encircling coil eddy current techniques are not successful in detecting long, continuous defects that are a very common condition in the long, rolled and drawn products associated with wire rod rollimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05140 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05140 (Member Price)

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Determination of plastic fracture deformation of steel in round specimen

Determination of plastic fracture deformation of steel in round specimen

This study develops a new method for determining the plastic fracture deformation of steel, using for this purpose the simple standardized tensile test on a cylindrical test specimen and evaluating tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05458 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05458 (Member Price)

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Determination of scale amount on wire of carbon steels and low alloyed steels

Determination of scale amount on wire of carbon steels and low alloyed steels

The steel wire family is very diversified, directed to many applications and with steels of different compositions. Common to them all is that the raw material, the wire rod, is manufactured in a homore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04940 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04940 (Member Price)

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Determining of parameters characterizing the functional behaviour of spring steel wire in helical springs

Determining of parameters characterizing the functional behaviour of spring steel wire in helical springs

Helical compression springs are made of oil-hardened and tempered spring steel wire, stainless spring steel wire and patented-drawn spring steel wire as indicated in EN 10270. After drawing, the wiremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05482 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05482 (Member Price)

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Development and application of engineering ceramics in wire drawingcones, capstans and pulleys

Development and application of engineering ceramics in wire drawingcones, capstans and pulleys

New developments of aluminumoxide- and zirconiumoxide- based engineering ceramics are described. Basic properties, such as corrosion resistance, hardness, strength and surface finish are compared tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03983 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03983 (Member Price)

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Development and features of a super micro wire mill

Development and features of a super micro wire mill

A Super micro mill, which is a block mill of cold rolling for small dimensional wire, has been developed. This mill is characterized by the tandem mill that has four rolls and round-round grooves. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04145 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04145 (Member Price)

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Development and features of a super micro wire mill

Development and features of a super micro wire mill

Kazuyuki Nakasuji, Kouichi Kuroda and Chihiro Hayashi, Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. and Shigeharu Ochi and Itsushi Iio, Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Japan.

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04145 (Member Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04145 (List Price)

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Development and operation of a 48-wire patenting and coating line.

Development and operation of a 48-wire patenting and coating line.

A 48-wire patenting and coating line in an Australian Wire Industries plant is described. The U-shaped plant layout, including payoff, patenting furnace, acid bath, phosphate bath, turnaround, borax-more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03110 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03110 (Member Price)

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Development and validation of a mathematical model of warm drawing process of magnesium alloys in heated dies

Development and validation of a mathematical model of warm drawing process of magnesium alloys in heated dies

The warm drawing process in heated dies is proposed to increase the workability of Mg alloys. The purpose of this paper is development and experimental validation of a mathematical model of a warm drmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05454 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05454 (Member Price)

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Development and validation of FEM models for wiredrawing

Development and validation of FEM models for wiredrawing

FEM and experimental results were used to study the validity of simpler analytical methods such as Siebel’s equation. Some of the results were plotted as a function of the so-called delta parameter. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05018 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05018 (Member Price)

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Development experience with the Conform continuous extrusion process on copper

Development experience with the Conform continuous extrusion process on copper

Application of the continuous extrusion forming process (Conform) for production of copper rod is presented. Differences in the processing of aluminum and copper, and problems involved in following omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03216 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03216 (Member Price)

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Development of a fracture criterion for cold heading

Development of a fracture criterion for cold heading

In order to have accurate numerical simulations of the cold heading process, it is imperative to define a fracture criterion that is appropriate for the conditions actually encountered during cold hemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04776 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04776 (Member Price)

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Development of a low-creep ACSR conductor

Development of a low-creep ACSR conductor

The economic and practical benefits of a low-creep ACSR conductor are discussed. The causes of and compensation for sag are described. Tests and test results on the effects of hot and/or warm stretchmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02899 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02899 (Member Price)

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Development of a new hypereutectoid steel for high-strength wire with heat treatment process

Development of a new hypereutectoid steel for high-strength wire with heat treatment process

Masato Kaiso, Nobuhiko Ibaraki, Yasuhiro Oki and Takaaki Minamida, Kobe Steel, Ltd., Japan

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04850 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04850 (Member Price)

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Development of a novel nonintrusive surface inspection system—application to defect detection on enameled wire, cable and optical fiber

Development of a novel nonintrusive surface inspection system—application to defect detection on enameled wire, cable and optical fiber

New and innovative noncontact surface analysis systems continue to be in demand in the wire and cable industry. To meet ongoing requirements for improved surface quality detection, a new on-line surfmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04752 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04752 (Member Price)

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Development of a numerical model for predicting the temperature of a steel wire threaded through a fluidized bed for patenting treatment

Development of a numerical model for predicting the temperature of a steel wire threaded through a fluidized bed for patenting treatment

A numerical model was developed to simulate the temperature history of a wire threaded through a fluidized bed for the patenting treatment. The model is a simple one-dimensional finite difference modmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04764 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04764 (Member Price)

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Development of a patenting line for handling heavy coils of large-diameter high carbon rod

Development of a patenting line for handling heavy coils of large-diameter high carbon rod

Development of a lead quench patenting line for 3000 lb coils of high carbon steel rod at a Bethlehem Steel concrete reinforcing wire plant is discussed. Key equipment and patenting and handling procmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02828 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02828 (Member Price)

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Development of a virtual wiredrawing tool for process analysis and optimization

Development of a virtual wiredrawing tool for process analysis and optimization

This paper describes a comprehensive simulation tool for multi-pass wiredrawing operation, taking into account the deformation and thermal effects in wire and dies, cooling in between the dies and fimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05225 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05225 (Member Price)

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Development of an apparatus for determining the free tin thickness on tin-plated copper wire

Development of an apparatus for determining the free tin thickness on tin-plated copper wire

The presence of sufficient free tin on the wire surface is essential in terms of solderability and crimpability properties. Therefore, reliable measurement of free tin on finished products such as mumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05387 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05387 (Member Price)

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Development of an instrumented impact test for wire

Development of an instrumented impact test for wire

Toughness and ultimate tensile strength of pearlitic music wire were investigated by the use of an instrumented impact tester. US Bureau of Mines researchers investigated the sensitivity of the impacmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04248 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04248 (Member Price)

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Development of apparatus for shaving copper wire commercially.

Development of apparatus for shaving copper wire commercially.

A new wire shaving method resulting in cost savings and improved quality of bull wire (a smooth copper wire) is presented. The required specifications of the wire in electrical equipment are briefly more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00740 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00740 (Member Price)

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Development of Automatic Finishing Line (AFL) for Wire Rod

Development of Automatic Finishing Line (AFL) for Wire Rod

One of the bottlenecks in quality assurance of wire rod for valve spring is that there is no practical means to detect and remove the surface defects of wire rod in full length.To solve this problem,more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04103 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04103 (Member Price)

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Development of B-Nb micro-alloyed medium carbon steels with high ductility for severe wiredrawing

Development of B-Nb micro-alloyed medium carbon steels with high ductility for severe wiredrawing

In the course of processing high-carbon steel, an intermediate patenting treatment is necessary to meet requirements for mechanical properties, but it is expensive and time consuming. It is possible more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05197 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05197 (Member Price)

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Development of boron-treated steel with microalloying technology for high strength bolts

Development of boron-treated steel with microalloying technology for high strength bolts

Much attention has been paid recently to the application of boron-treated steel for high strength bolt use, due to the elimination of the spheroidize annealing treatment in the bolt making process. Tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04676 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04676 (Member Price)

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Development of high-strength steel wire products

Development of high-strength steel wire products

Approaches to achieving higher-strength steep rope should obtain high strength without compromising the toughness of drawn wire. This paper discusses some data and technical issues related to progresmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05370 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05370 (Member Price)

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Development of lead- and arsenic-free copper stock for electrical conductors via the electrowinning process

Development of lead- and arsenic-free copper stock for electrical conductors via the electrowinning process

Elevated levels of impurities such as lead and arsenic are generally considered to be detrimental for electrical conductor’s quality aspects such as conductivity and drawability. Traditional electrowmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05401 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05401 (Member Price)

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Development of magnesium alloy fine wire by cold drawing and fabrication of microscrew

Development of magnesium alloy fine wire by cold drawing and fabrication of microscrew

A technique for obtaining the magnesium alloy AZ31, AZ61 fine wire by cold drawing is examined to obtain wires with high strength quality and surface morphology, while decreasing production cost. In more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05165 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05165 (Member Price)

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Development of PVDF for use in Limited Combustible fiber optic cables

Development of PVDF for use in Limited Combustible fiber optic cables

New PVDF products were developed using flame-retardant technologies developed for the copper cable industry, but were later modified to accommodate the specific needs of a fiber optic cable product. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05169 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05169 (Member Price)

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Development of steels for automotive electrical parts with low electric power

Development of steels for automotive electrical parts with low electric power

Recently, the demand for a soft magnetic steel, which can generate a large electromagnetic force with low electric power, has increased in the growing area of electronically controlled parts for automore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05156 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05156 (Member Price)

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Development of steels for high-strength bolts with excellent delayed fracture resistance

Development of steels for high-strength bolts with excellent delayed fracture resistance

0A steel for high-strength bolts of a strength class over 12.9, which have excellent delayed fracture resistance, has been newly developed. It offers increased fracture toughness and decreased hydrogmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04911 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04911 (Member Price)

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Development of Type 204 Cu stainless, a low-cost alternate to Type 304

Development of Type 204 Cu stainless, a low-cost alternate to Type 304

This presentation discusses the research effort that led to the development of Type 204 Cu stainless. To achieve lower cost than Type 304, nickel content was nominally reduced from 8.5 to 2.5 percentmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04861 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04861 (Member Price)

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Development of ultra high-strength wire for offshore applications

Development of ultra high-strength wire for offshore applications

This paper describes the recent collaborative work between Corus and Bridon, which has culminated in the development of the next generation of high-strength wire for such diverse applications as moormore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05271 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05271 (Member Price)

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Development of Zn-11%Al-2%Mg coated steel wire with excellent corrosion resistance and formability

Development of Zn-11%Al-2%Mg coated steel wire with excellent corrosion resistance and formability

This paper shows the effect of a magnesium addition to a zinc-11 mass percent aluminum-3 mass percent alloy for coating. It examines the effects on the corrosion resistance, workability, and mechanicmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05026 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05026 (Member Price)

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Developments in casting technology improve copper rod quality

Developments in casting technology improve copper rod quality

Supplying wiredrawers with rod which would leave no room for material-related breaks is the ultimate goal of all quality-conscious copper rod producers. Recent improvements in continuous casting techmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05068 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05068 (Member Price)

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Developments in submarine communication cables.

Developments in submarine communication cables.

The history of submarine communications cable, the necessary physical and electrical requirements for various uses, the requirements for and uses of repeaters, methods of operation and testing, and tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01484 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01484 (Member Price)

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Diameter gauge offers insight for Structural Return Loss (SRL) applications

Diameter gauge offers insight for Structural Return Loss (SRL) applications

Manufacturers of telecommunications products like Category 5, CATV, and high-bandwidth products have a difficult time maintaining cable quality due to Structural Return Loss (SRL). Beta Instrument's more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04385 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04385 (Member Price)

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Diameter gauges and control systems for wire extrusion lines

Diameter gauges and control systems for wire extrusion lines

Goal of wire line control - ..operator vs feedback control .ramping up and down.minimum fluctuation of diameter .SPC - Control of wire line speed - Control extruder screw RPM - Wall thickness - Tandemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04228 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04228 (Member Price)

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Die design and wiredrawing—understanding the relationship between die specifications and wiredrawing

Die design and wiredrawing—understanding the relationship between die specifications and wiredrawing

This paper stresses the importance of understanding the relationship between die specifications and how they relate to the wiredrawing process. Die design is one of the five fundamental components thmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04847 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04847 (Member Price)

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Die design for better performance.

Die design for better performance.

The carbide die, its grades, specifications and maintenance procedures are briefly examined, along with die nomenclature, and 'R' series, in order to examine industry trends toward tighter die anglemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03654 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03654 (Member Price)

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Die design for fluorinated lubricants

Die design for fluorinated lubricants

The introduction of the new perfluorinated lubricants raised the question of die design compatibility for drawing both ferrous and nonferrous wire. The literature contains many methods for the designmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04859 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04859 (Member Price)

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Die designs for larger diameter wire

Die designs for larger diameter wire

Drawing larger diameter wire can cause many problems with traditional die designs. Current carbide nibs do not provide enough height to allow the use of proper drawing angles for most reductions takemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05113 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05113 (Member Price)

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Die management in the wiredrawing industry

Die management in the wiredrawing industry

Wiredrawing dies are one of the most vital and critical parts of the wiredrawing industry. For drawing quality wire at the lowest die cost per ton of wire drawn, proper selection, maintenance, and inmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05055 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05055 (Member Price)

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Dielectric response measurement as diagnostic tool for power cable systems

Dielectric response measurement as diagnostic tool for power cable systems

Increase in moisture is a common source of deterioration of insulation properties and premature aging of an oil-paper insulated system. This paper presents preliminary results of dielectric responsemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04921 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04921 (Member Price)

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Dieless drawing of steel

Dieless drawing of steel

The dieless drawing concept involves the stretching of a rod between capstans driven at different speeds, with the elongation not exceeding the uniform, or necking elongation. Such elongations are enmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05346 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05346 (Member Price)

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Digital high-speed FFT analysis at high-bandwidth cable and advantages of the use of FFT in other extrusion processes

Digital high-speed FFT analysis at high-bandwidth cable and advantages of the use of FFT in other extrusion processes

The implementation of an FFT analysis at the production of foam-insulated high-frequency cables (CATV cables) becomes more important due to increasing quality requirements. This paper describes new dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04946 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04946 (Member Price)

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