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Results 101 to 200 of 1158.
Annealing ferrous wire in nitrogen based atmospheres.

Annealing ferrous wire in nitrogen based atmospheres.

This paper first outlines the appropriate nitrogen-plus-additive combinations for a variety of annealing operations, and then focuses on ferrous applications in particular. The different additives usmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03527 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03527 (Member Price)

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Annealing: the first step in cold forming.

Annealing: the first step in cold forming.

A program submitted by the Rad-Con Inc., for an annealling process producing steel wire with little or no decarb, a high degree of spheroidization and operator simplicity, and completely computerizedmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03627 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03627 (Member Price)

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Another voice path under the Atlantic

Another voice path under the Atlantic

The TAT-5 ocean cable system calls for about 3500 miles of cable laid down on the ocean floor at depths up to three miles. In this article the author describes the system and the processing of cable more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02510 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02510 (Member Price)

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Anti-corrosion grease for overhead line conductors

Anti-corrosion grease for overhead line conductors

The life and performance of an overheard line conductor is greatly influenced by its ability to resist corrosion, particularly in environments of high humidity, salt, and acid pollutants. Applicationmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05378 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05378 (Member Price)

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Antithrombogenic oxide film on stainless steel for cardiovascular applications

Antithrombogenic oxide film on stainless steel for cardiovascular applications

Experimental evidence showed that amorphous oxide has a high time constant value, low open-circuit potential, and negative current density at open-circuit potential. Trace thrombosis was found for a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05036 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05036 (Member Price)

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Application constraints and design considerations for military cable harness

Application constraints and design considerations for military cable harness

Military wire harness is specially designed for the harshest environments. This need is well-known by producers and consumers of various products that require military specifications. This paper defimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05529 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05529 (Member Price)

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Application of a new indicator for strength characteristics of steel ropes

Application of a new indicator for strength characteristics of steel ropes

In this paper a simple and universal indicator is proposed for the estimation of rope construction quality. It is based on ratios of wire tensile strength to the number of twists and bends. Based on more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05110 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05110 (Member Price)

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Application of Cockroft-Latham criterion in FEM analysis of wire fracture in conventional drawing of high-carbon steel wire

Application of Cockroft-Latham criterion in FEM analysis of wire fracture in conventional drawing of high-carbon steel wire

This paper studies damage in the wiredrawing process using FEM software with a modified Cockroft-Latham criterion. The critical value of this criterion was determined by simulation of experiments whemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05296 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05296 (Member Price)

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Application of microscope techniques in the magnet wire industry

Application of microscope techniques in the magnet wire industry

Copper and enamel come together in magnet wire by means of the enameling process and conform to a composite of a wide range of applications in bobbins, motors and transformers. The copper and enamel more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05090 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05090 (Member Price)

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Artificial Intelligence: improving the scheduling of process manufacturing

Artificial Intelligence: improving the scheduling of process manufacturing

Advances in processing power and intelligent searching allow standard computers to perform complex scheduling tasks real time. This paper explores the feasibility and methodology in producing an optimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04885 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04885 (Member Price)

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Aspects of the process of manufacturing fine flattened wires

Aspects of the process of manufacturing fine flattened wires

In this work, results of experimental investigations of manufacturing wires with non-round sections from high alloy steel will be presented. Roller dies were used in the drawing process. Methods of smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04746 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04746 (Member Price)

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Assessment of rod resistivity as a test for the cross-welding compatibility of various low carbon grades

Assessment of rod resistivity as a test for the cross-welding compatibility of various low carbon grades

Investigation demonstrated rod resistivity data and carbon weight percentage accurately predicted mesh weld shear strength and set down. Reduced power consumption of ± 20% may be utilized for higher more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05150 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05150 (Member Price)

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Atomic Force Microscopy: A powerful tool to study the radial gradients in mechanical properties of hard-drawn pearlitic steel wire

Atomic Force Microscopy: A powerful tool to study the radial gradients in mechanical properties of hard-drawn pearlitic steel wire

In this investigation, Atomic Force Microscopy has been applied to study the nano-scale lamellar microstructure of heavily deformed (e=4) pearlitic steel wire used in automotive applications. In combmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04780 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04780 (Member Price)

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Automated nut inspection with eddy current NDT.

Automated nut inspection with eddy current NDT.

An automated system for the inspection of cold forged nuts is described and illustrated. The key feature of the system is the multi-station operation; eddy current inspection, pneumatic probing, and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02701 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02701 (Member Price)

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Automatic spool package edge quality assessment and correction algorithm for winding applications

Automatic spool package edge quality assessment and correction algorithm for winding applications

Auto-edge correction control algorithm automatically compensates for build-up and run-off of fiber on the edge of take-up spools without operator intervention or additional sensors. This allows for hmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05024 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05024 (Member Price)

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Automotive cable production – today’s global standards and future trends

Automotive cable production – today’s global standards and future trends

Price pressure, necessary cost reductions, and environmental regulations are leading to different production methods for automotive cables. This paper gives an overview of different automotive cable more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05136 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05136 (Member Price)

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Automotive zigzag spring wire.

Automotive zigzag spring wire.

The steps in the manufacture of automotive zigzag spring wire are presented. The optimum ranges of concentrations of carbon, manganese, phosphorous, sulfur, and silicon in the raw metal; required gramore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01506 (Member Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01506 (List Price)

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Backtwisting LAN cables: a theoretical background

Backtwisting LAN cables: a theoretical background

State-of-the-art LAN cable technologies cannotavoid wire defects like eccentricity. The lack of concentricity and some wire oscillation degrades the channel quality due to loss, interference and signmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04761 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04761 (Member Price)

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Bar and wire with ultra-smoothing and lower residual stress by new drawing

Bar and wire with ultra-smoothing and lower residual stress by new drawing

In order to produce ultra-smoothing bars and lower residual stress through drawing without additional processes, a new die was developed and evaluated. This protrusion die induces high-contact pressumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05014 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05014 (Member Price)

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Basic considerations in the design of wire drawing machinery

Basic considerations in the design of wire drawing machinery

Basic requirements for drawing wire are reviewed and how they relate to single and multiple capstan drawing machines is discussed. Die pull, tensile strength slipping, coefficient of friction, drive more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02240 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02240 (Member Price)

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Basic study of straightness in roller leveler straightening for bar in coil

Basic study of straightness in roller leveler straightening for bar in coil

The goal of this paper was to investigate the straightness limit of bar in coil. It focuses on the bar shapes in coil feeding roller leveler straightening. The straightening of several conditions (a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05228 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05228 (Member Price)

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Becoming a niche player in customer service

Becoming a niche player in customer service

This paper reflects the process changes, cultural evolution, and strategy shifts needed for the author’s team to embrace and effectively pursue top delivery performance to customers. It highlights thmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05355 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05355 (Member Price)

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Behavior of residual stress and drawing stress in conical-type die and circle-type die drawing by FEM simulation and experiment

Behavior of residual stress and drawing stress in conical-type die and circle-type die drawing by FEM simulation and experiment

This study considers conical-type and circle-type die shapes, and the new design of the optimum die shape as proposed from FEM simulation. The optimum die-angle and reduction were put in order and comore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04772 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04772 (Member Price)

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Benefits of gear pumps for wire and cable CV lines

Benefits of gear pumps for wire and cable CV lines

This paper reviews the benefits of gear pumps as used with rubber in the wire and cable industry. The gear pump is a positive displacement device that “meters” rubber at a very consistent flow. The pmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05337(List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05337 (Member Price)

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Benefits of shaving hot rolled rod

Benefits of shaving hot rolled rod

The advantages of a conventional hot rolling mill are given; tests, comparisons, and the effects of the different processes on copper rod are described. The benefits of shaving copper rod for the promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02984 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02984 (Member Price)

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Benefits of the Two-Roll Rolling Process on Aluminum and Copper Rod

Benefits of the Two-Roll Rolling Process on Aluminum and Copper Rod

The rolling process is critical for converting cast aluminum into usable rod for the downstream customer. Southwire’s many years of experience and research in the field of rolling and Siemens’ many ymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05476 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05476 (Member Price)

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Benjamin Severson and his post-tensioned girders

Benjamin Severson and his post-tensioned girders

In 1995, an archival paper presented to the Wire Association International described four cast-iron girders discovered inside an old Philadelphia bank building in 1981. Each of the girders had been pmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04927 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04927 (Member Price)

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Beryllium ingot wire.

Beryllium ingot wire.

The production of fine beryllium wire is discussed. Wiredrawing methods, ingot wire properties, and applications including reinforcing filament, titanium-clad beryllium, and space vehicle antennae armore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02341 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02341 (Member Price)

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Between two Mordica Awards 1973-2003

Between two Mordica Awards 1973-2003

Thirty years apart, the son of a former Mordica Memorial Award winner follows in his father's footsteps. Here, he traces some of the challenges and successes that came with leading the family businemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04951 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04951 (Member Price)

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Beyond problem solving -- Profit!

Beyond problem solving -- Profit!

The paper outlines a method for solving manufacturing and business problems, which is actually a principle that can be applied to profit generation (others may call it continuous improvement, new promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04487 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04487 (Member Price)

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Block coatings—maximizing equipment productivity

Block coatings—maximizing equipment productivity

This paper presents an overview of the options available for rebuilding and hard surfacing wiredrawing blocks. It includes all forms of hard surfacing processes available, including flame hardening, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05062 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05062 (Member Price)

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Block maintenance and coatings – what you need to know

Block maintenance and coatings – what you need to know

This paper highlights the importance of proper coating selection and precise finished contours for wiredrawing equipment parts such as capstans (i.e., blocks or drums), stepcones, pulleys, sheaves, amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05329 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05329 (Member Price)

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Bond strength of PC wire in concrete

Bond strength of PC wire in concrete

This paper examines the amount of dry soap used during wiredrawing and heat treatment like bluing or hot-stretching during the final process. The authors confirmed that the less the amount of residuamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05154 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05154 (Member Price)

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Bonderlube FL—a new way to approach surface treatment

Bonderlube FL—a new way to approach surface treatment

This paper discusses the introduction of an innovative process for steel surface treatment in cold forming. This new polymeric-based technology has been developed with the aim of replacing zinc phomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05381 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05381 (Member Price)

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Boxed wire ingeniously simple, low cost cable packing

Boxed wire ingeniously simple, low cost cable packing

Boxed wire fosters environmental friendly and recyclable packing and reduces costs to meet environmental codes. The extruder line requires no haul-off capstan or take-up, and the client’s line requirmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04611 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04611 (Member Price)

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Breakthroughs in wiredrawing

Breakthroughs in wiredrawing

Today, polycrystalline diamond (PCD) wire dies are used for drawing a wide range of ferrous and nonferrous metals. In many ways, PCD wire dies have revolutionized the way wire makers draw wire, enablmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05297 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05297 (Member Price)

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Cable fables: confusion and misconceptions about NFPA-79

Cable fables: confusion and misconceptions about NFPA-79

Confusion abounds regarding the “new” NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) regulations pertaining to UL-recognized (AWM-style) cable. Various interpretations of NFPA-79 have generated articlesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05403 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05403 (Member Price)

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Cable marking systems and news in optical fiber coating systems

Cable marking systems and news in optical fiber coating systems

This paper describes Medek & Schoerner’s range of cable marking machines and fiber optic processing lines. Its offerings include high-quality gravure printers for speeds up to 1500 m/min, embossing mmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05256 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05256 (Member Price)

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Cable taping theory and practice

Cable taping theory and practice

Formulas for calculating the weight of wrapping tape required for a given length and diameter of cable are presented. The calculations take into account the width of tape needed for a specified overlmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02827 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02827 (Member Price)

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Calculating wire sizes for wire rope

Calculating wire sizes for wire rope

A method for wire size determination for wire rope is presented; equations which can be programmed for fast and accurate calculations are included. Strand construction, seale, strand lay, and clearanmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02526 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02526 (Member Price)

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Calculation of ropes fatigue strength on the base of mechanical properties of wires

Calculation of ropes fatigue strength on the base of mechanical properties of wires

A proposed method of calculation of the number of cycles of rope to failure during fatigue tests allows for an elimination of time and work consuming experimental tests. It has been confirmed that prmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05103 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05103 (Member Price)

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Calculation of slip in wet drawing machines

Calculation of slip in wet drawing machines

A practical method for calculating the magnitude of wire slippage during the operation of slip-type multiple capstan wet wiredrawing machines is presented. Calculations can be performed on a slide rumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02836 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02836 (Member Price)

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Calculation of the basic parameters for slip drawing machines.

Calculation of the basic parameters for slip drawing machines.

Western Electric Co Inc Mathematical formulas for the calculation of machine constant, ratio E, reduction in area, elongation, slip, tolerance in wires and dies, and the die line are presented.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03048 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03048 (Member Price)

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Capstan maintenance for ferrous wiredrawing

Capstan maintenance for ferrous wiredrawing

Different aspects of capstan maintenance essential to the production of quality ferrous wires will be reviewed. Included will be standard guidelines and general rules for determining tapers and radiimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04518 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04518 (Member Price)

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Carbide Die Design - Impact Upon Wire Quality

Carbide Die Design - Impact Upon Wire Quality

Reduction zone must have accurate conical angle with smooth surface finish. Angle and bearing have a common centerline. Reduction angle designed with correct degree of angle for reduction in area omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04052 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04052 (Member Price)

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Caster filtration for continuous cast copper rod

Caster filtration for continuous cast copper rod

Caster cooling water systems become contaminated with acetylene soot, graphite, and oils restricting heat transfer. Reduced heat transfer between copper wheels, dam blocks, and steel bands result in more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05352 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05352 (Member Price)

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Casting and drawing 6201 alloy for improved characteristics

Casting and drawing 6201 alloy for improved characteristics

6201 is the Aluminum Association designation for an electrical grade overhead conductor aluminum alloy. Requirements for use as an electrical conductor include conductivity, strength, and corrosion more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03818 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03818 (Member Price)

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Casting, rolling, and drawing, 6201 alloy for overhead conductor.

Casting, rolling, and drawing, 6201 alloy for overhead conductor.

Three different production methods are evaluated in the manufacture of 6201 alloy wire for electrical applications. Conventional casting and rolling, continuous casting rolling/solution heat treatmenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03571 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03571 (Member Price)

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Cat 5+ and Cat 6 worldwide market situation and new trends

Cat 5+ and Cat 6 worldwide market situation and new trends

Are the Cat 5+ and Cat 6 cables the future in Local Area Networks? Whichcable design will be used in the years ahead? This paper will provide amarket analysis, considering the current worldwide situamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04456 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04456 (Member Price)

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Category 5 Data communication cables

Category 5 Data communication cables

The ability to manufacture cables capable of transmitting data at the 100 megahertz level requires precise control of the process variables. This paper illustrates a typical operating line capable omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04247 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04247 (Member Price)

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Cementite Decomposition and the Second Stage Static Strain Aging of Pearlite Steel Wires

Cementite Decomposition and the Second Stage Static Strain Aging of Pearlite Steel Wires

Mosebauer spectra for eutectoid steel are reported for specimens patented and drawn to 19, 59, 79 and 86% area reduction, in the aged condition (180 C, 60 min) and non-aged. The aging time and tempmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04137 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04137 (Member Price)

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Center bursts—a review of criteria

Center bursts—a review of criteria

The development or exacerbation of centerline fractures and porosity in wiredrawing has been the subject of many analyses, especially owing to the liabilities regarding drawing breaks and cable and fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05295 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05295 (Member Price)

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Characterization and causes of continuity faults within enamels and at the enamel/copper interface

Characterization and causes of continuity faults within enamels and at the enamel/copper interface

A taxonomy has been developed for dielectric failures occuring in enamel coated copper magnet wires during application of high voltage alternating current. Defects have been identified using metallomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04234 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04234 (Member Price)

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Characterization of Al wirebreaks as a tool for productivity improvement

Characterization of Al wirebreaks as a tool for productivity improvement

This paper deals with wire breaks that occur during wiredrawing of aluminum rod, which are characterized by different techniques, in order to define the origin of the failure, which can be found in emore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05420 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05420 (Member Price)

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Characterization of Copper Fines and Its Impact on Filtration

Characterization of Copper Fines and Its Impact on Filtration

Copper fines from rod breakdown machines collected from different sources were characterized using different techniques. The size distribution of the particles was conducted using sieving and weighimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04090 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04090 (Member Price)

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Characterization of defects on rectangular wire produced by continuous extrusion

Characterization of defects on rectangular wire produced by continuous extrusion

This paper deals with classification and interpretation of the origin of typical defects found on Al-1350 rectangular wire. It characterizes defects by means of metallographical analysis as well as omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05435 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05435 (Member Price)

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Characterization of rod and wire defects produced during the manufacturing of copper

Characterization of rod and wire defects produced during the manufacturing of copper

This paper covers the description of defects in copper wire which result from the melting and casting operation, rolling and pickling operation and entire wiredrawing operation (rod breakdown, intermmore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04327 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04327 (Member Price)

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Chevron crack and optimum drawing condition in the diagram of mean stress and die-wire contact length ratio by FEM simulation

Chevron crack and optimum drawing condition in the diagram of mean stress and die-wire contact length ratio by FEM simulation

The internal stress and temperature distributions during wiredrawing and residual stress after the cooling of drawing temperature were simulated with FEM. The mean stress (hydrostatic stress) on the more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04712 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04712 (Member Price)

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Classification of wire breaks and their countermeasures in superfine gold wiredrawing

Classification of wire breaks and their countermeasures in superfine gold wiredrawing

The authors have investigated 1) the observation and classification of superfine gold wire breaks in drawing, 2) the causes and countermeasures of wire breaks, and 3) the established process for obtamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05078 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05078 (Member Price)

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Cleaning and coating of wire using the EPCAD process

Cleaning and coating of wire using the EPCAD process

This paper relates to the use of EPCAD technology to clean and coat steel wire. In cleaning, the wire or wire rod is passed through an electrolytic cell in which the wire is grounded and serves as a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04818 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04818 (Member Price)

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Cleaning copper and aluminum drawing lubricants

Cleaning copper and aluminum drawing lubricants

Factors to consider when choosing tallow-based or synthetic-based lubricants for copper wiredrawing and straight-oil or water-soluble lubricants for aluminum wiredrawing are outlined. Lubricant cleanmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02573 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02573 (Member Price)

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Coating of steel wires with polymers in hydrodynamic drawing

Coating of steel wires with polymers in hydrodynamic drawing

This work investigates the possibility of applying the process of hydrodynamic drawing to the coating of low-carbon steel wires. Instead of typical lubricants, different types of polymers were used amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04876 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04876 (Member Price)

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Cold rolling of small diameter steel wires

Cold rolling of small diameter steel wires

The scope of this paper is to analyze technological and operational aspects of cold rolling technology using sets of rolls of the oval-rounded sequence type. At the current state-of-the-art this tecmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04349 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04349 (Member Price)

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Colloidal graphite as a lubricant in wiredrawing.

Colloidal graphite as a lubricant in wiredrawing.

Use of colloidal graphite as a lubricant coating during the cold drawing of high-strength steel for bolts and hot drawing of tungsten and molybdenum wires is discussed.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01815 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01815 (Member Price)

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Colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant.

Colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant.

The use of colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant for drawing fine tungsten, molybdenum and steel wire is described. The performance of various graphite compounds is discussed and they are commore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01459 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01459 (Member Price)

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Combined eddy current and optical flaw detection methods

Combined eddy current and optical flaw detection methods

This paper describes the merging of the eddy current and infrared optical tests to simultaneously test insulated wire for flaws in both the wire and the insulation. Both methods test at speeds from 5more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04723 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04723 (Member Price)

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Commercial evaluation of TCHP dies

Commercial evaluation of TCHP dies

TCHP is a new advanced material suitable for manufacture into dies with prolonged life. Initial performance studies have found wear resistance seven times that of conventional carbide dies. The most more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05445 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05445 (Member Price)

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Comparison of competing continuous casting process

Comparison of competing continuous casting process

The authors will compare the SCR and Contirod processes in areas that include initial investment cost vs. rate of production tons per hour (or annual capacity); product defects and engineering solutimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05079 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05079 (Member Price)

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Comparison of the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling for cleaning of low-carbon steel wire rod – a case study

Comparison of the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling for cleaning of low-carbon steel wire rod – a case study

This paper is based on a case study conducted to analyze the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling to obtain bright, smooth wire surface finish. A detailed comparative analysis more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05218 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05218 (Member Price)

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Computer integrated testing of rod and wire

Computer integrated testing of rod and wire

The paper reviews the increasing use of eddy currents for the in-process inspection of both ferrous and nonferrous rod and wire. High speed computer techniques permit evaluation and categorization ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04500 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04500 (Member Price)

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Computer-aided tool design and simulation of the wire rolling process

Computer-aided tool design and simulation of the wire rolling process

This paper describes how to design roll-tooling and drawing dies for the wire forming process using CAD/CAM software. It presents a numerical method for the simulation of the wire forming process by more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05199 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05199 (Member Price)

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Computerized straightening

Computerized straightening

This paper presents the concept of computerized straightening which is aimed at automated process control for wire straightening. Through the variation of process parameters, a process simulator workmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04579 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04579 (Member Price)

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Concept for material saving and quality optimization on jacketing and insulating lines

Concept for material saving and quality optimization on jacketing and insulating lines

One solution for quality optimization in jacketing and insulating is the continuous measurement and control of the relevant data directly during the jacketing process. Today’s technologies allow for more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05257 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05257 (Member Price)

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Concurrent measurement principle and technology comparisons

Concurrent measurement principle and technology comparisons

Laser diffraction diameter measurement is now used for fine wire drawing and in die shops. As a two-axis instrument is not able to detect true ovality, Cersa made only single-axis instruments, but admore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04996 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04996 (Member Price)

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Continuous aluminum rod

Continuous aluminum rod

Ten years experience with the Properzi process of aluminum redraw rod production is summarized. Furnaces, casting machines, the mill, coiling, controls, and continuous aluminum rod specifications aremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02118 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02118 (Member Price)

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Continuous cast filtration concepts

Continuous cast filtration concepts

This paper covers a wide range of topics relative to filtration for continuous cast copper and aluminum. Subjects include system concepts, filtration concepts, system components, filter types, filtermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05015 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05015 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod.

Continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod.

Scovill Mfg Co's experience in the continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod is reviewed. Developmental and production phases of casting rod and wire are described and the fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02175 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02175 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod at the M.H. Olen copper refinery uses no wheel

Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod at the M.H. Olen copper refinery uses no wheel

A wheel-less, high-capacity, straight-line, continuous casting method was developed for copper rod using a Hazelett twin-belt caster coupled with a 15-strand Krupp rolling mill. Good drawability and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02957 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02957 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod.

Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod.

A continuous casting and hot rolling system for tough pitch copper rod was developed using altered Properzi machines. Advantages include bottom pouring with no inclusions, a more dense product, and tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02162 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02162 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting of copper-magnesium conductor alloys

Continuous casting of copper-magnesium conductor alloys

International demand for copper conductors exhibiting both high tensile strength and good electrical conductivity is growing strongly. The high speed rail and the automotive industries are two major more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05524 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05524 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting technology and introduction to bar porosity detection infrared system

Continuous casting technology and introduction to bar porosity detection infrared system

This paper discusses a system to detect porosity during the continuous casting of copper bar. This system uses an infrared camera to measure surface temperature as the copper bar exits the casting whmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05349 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05349 (Member Price)

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Continuous Casting: A Matter of Continuous Innovation

Continuous Casting: A Matter of Continuous Innovation

Casting technology is a living thing. As in all processes, the only way to keep the lead is by continuous innovation. Improvement through innovation must be a comprehensive matter, dealing with many more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05470 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05470 (Member Price)

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Continuous hydrogen measurement in liquid copper what can we learn?

Continuous hydrogen measurement in liquid copper what can we learn?

Hydrogen in molten copper, a major cause of porosity in cast bars, generates surface defects in finished rod. The control of dissolved hydrogen in cast copper is important to ensuring quality improvemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04938 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04938 (Member Price)

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Continuous hydrostatic extrusion of wire

Continuous hydrostatic extrusion of wire

Continuous hydrostatic extrusion has been under development by F.J. Fuchs, Jr. since 1970 at Western Electric (A.T. & T Technologies) and, under a patent licensing arrangement, since 1981 at Jade Clamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03727 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03727 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvement in wire and rod coils spheroidize annealing

Continuous improvement in wire and rod coils spheroidize annealing

This paper presents the results of tests performed on continuous multi-zone roller hearth furnaces and bath roller hearth furnaces using endothermic gas as a protective atmosphere and nitrogen gas asmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04988 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04988 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvement of steel wire rod product quality to meet the wiredrawing industry’s future needs

Continuous improvement of steel wire rod product quality to meet the wiredrawing industry’s future needs

Driven by competitive pressures and the need to continually reduce costs, the wiredrawing industry is increasingly looking for improved performance from wire rod supplied by the rod mills. This papermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04917 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04917 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvements through selective investments at the Cedynia rod mill in Orsk

Continuous improvements through selective investments at the Cedynia rod mill in Orsk

The Cedynia copper rod mill in Orsk is a part of KGHM Polska MiedŸ S.A. The plant is one of the bigger European copper wire rod producers and is still in the process of making continuous improvementsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04654 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04654 (Member Price)

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Continuous patenting, cleaning and coating.

Continuous patenting, cleaning and coating.

A continuous strand patenting-cleaning-coating facility installed at The Steel Company of Canada's Canada Works is described. The austenitizing furnace, lead pan, cleaning section, coating section, vmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03063 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03063 (Member Price)

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Contribution to mechanical features of all dielectric self supporting cables

Contribution to mechanical features of all dielectric self supporting cables

This paper presents results of the newest research activities on All Dielectric Self Supporting (ADSS) cables. Basic technical parameters and specific characteristics of two types of cables are givenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04757 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04757 (Member Price)

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Control for fatigue during patenting and plating in the manufacture of steel tire

Control for fatigue during patenting and plating in the manufacture of steel tire

This paper reviews some steel tire cord manufacturing aspects that can affect fatigue properties like patenting, plating, and diffusion. Other manufacturing issues, both up- and down- stream can inflmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05306 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05306 (Member Price)

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Control of cable twist in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of cable twist in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Ramifications of improper twist control during steel tire cord manufacture include snarling and bunching of cable during payoff in the creel room, trapped ends in the spool during payoff, and unaccepmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05226 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05226 (Member Price)

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Control of furnace atmosphere during patenting in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of furnace atmosphere during patenting in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Patenting is complicated, including two steps: heating and controlled cooling. This paper reviews control of furnace atmosphere. Furnaces usually have an entrance stack; hot gases flow counter to wirmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05400 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05400 (Member Price)

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Control of heating during wiredrawing

Control of heating during wiredrawing

An analysis of heat-producing factors during wiredrawing is given. The theory of wire heating during drawing (deformation work and friction work) is described. The nature of the fundamental variablesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02911 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02911 (Member Price)

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Control of strengthening mechanisms in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of strengthening mechanisms in the manufacture of steel tire cord

This paper examines the influence of the manufacturing process on filament strength (FS). Steel rod composition affects FS by ferrite solid solution strengthening, cementite carbide strengthening, anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05148 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05148 (Member Price)

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Control of the surface quality during hot rolling on a high-speed rod mill

Control of the surface quality during hot rolling on a high-speed rod mill

A non-destructive type of inspection for the surface finish of wire rod after hot rolling, based on eddy current, is introduced. The C.G.R. (Compagnie Generale de Radologie) equipment allows for fullmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03547 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03547 (Member Price)

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Control of wet drawing lubricant in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of wet drawing lubricant in the manufacture of steel tire cord

This paper will concentrate on the most common category of wet lubricant for the processing of steel tire cord—synthetic emulsions. Chemistry, raw materials, and some techniques used to manufacture rmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05138 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05138 (Member Price)

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Control the resistance and reduce cost

Control the resistance and reduce cost

This study analyzes the variations of the conductivity (resistance) for some important Cupper wire and strand dimensions and the possible savings. Because the material cost in the cable is the major more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04982 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04982 (Member Price)

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Controlling the fiber excess length and the post shrinkage in PBT central tube process

Controlling the fiber excess length and the post shrinkage in PBT central tube process

In this study the goal was to develop a central tube buffering process with minimized post shrinkage while having the ability to control the fiber excess length from negative to a very high positive more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04934 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04934 (Member Price)

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Controlling wire vibrations during film wire processing.

Controlling wire vibrations during film wire processing.

Based on linear vibration theory, criteria have been developed to predict the occurence of vibrations in specific wire processing situations. The criteria have been presented in a nomogram. The nomogmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03593 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03593 (Member Price)

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Coolant filtration practices and healthy emulsion

Coolant filtration practices and healthy emulsion

This technical paper will discuss the importance of a strong program in coolant filtration. Cost saving benefits and superior performance will be realized in wiredrawing applications such as rod, intmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05164 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05164 (Member Price)

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