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The effect of patenting variables on the structures and properties of patented rod.  Part 2

The effect of patenting variables on the structures and properties of patented rod. Part 2

The effects of patenting variables on the metallurgical structure and properties of patented steel rod are discussed. Variations in time at austenitizing temperature, double treatment austenitizationmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02438 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02438 (Member Price)

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The effect of prior austenite grain size on fatigue strength in C and Si-enriched valve spring wire

The effect of prior austenite grain size on fatigue strength in C and Si-enriched valve spring wire

The recent development of lightweight yet high output automotive engines, has led to the development of valve spring wire with high fatigue strength. Sumitomo developed C and Si-enriched OT wire thatmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04924 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04924 (Member Price)

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The effect of silicon and aging on mechanical properties and fracture response of drawn high-strength pearlitic steel wire

The effect of silicon and aging on mechanical properties and fracture response of drawn high-strength pearlitic steel wire

Wires with patented and cold drawn pearlitic microstructures and strength levels of 1950 MPa and 2250 MPa were made from steel containing 0.9 wt pct C and either 0.23 wt pct Si or 1.30 wt pct Si and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05390 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05390 (Member Price)

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The effect of solidification rate on the properties of Al-Fe-Co (Super T) conductor alloy

The effect of solidification rate on the properties of Al-Fe-Co (Super T) conductor alloy

Differences in microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Fe-Co (Super T) alloy rod caused by solidification rate are reported. Rapidly solidified alloys result in wire products with improved mecmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03235 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03235 (Member Price)

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The effect of thermal expansion of dies on dimensional accuracy in drawn bar and wire

The effect of thermal expansion of dies on dimensional accuracy in drawn bar and wire

This paper focuses on the effect of thermal expansion of the die diameter during drawing of bar and wire. It was found that as the temperature of the die increased, the diameter of the bar also incremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05277 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05277 (Member Price)

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The effect of U.V. curable secondary buffers on the strippability of commercially available fibers

The effect of U.V. curable secondary buffers on the strippability of commercially available fibers

During the last ten years, ultraviolet curable coatings have delivered a number of application benefits to manufacturers of optical glass fiber. These coatings have also served to enhance the performore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04041 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04041 (Member Price)

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The effects of deformation and annealing conditions on theflexibility of Cu wire

The effects of deformation and annealing conditions on theflexibility of Cu wire

It is required for enamelled wire to have good flexibility determined by recrystallization behavior. The factors affecting the recrystallization behavior are impurities, rod production parameters anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04045 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04045 (Member Price)

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The effects of impurities on the recrystallization behavior of tough-pitch hot rolled copper rod

The effects of impurities on the recrystallization behavior of tough-pitch hot rolled copper rod

This paper describes the effect of most common low concentration impurities on the recrystallization of hot rolled copper rod. A model based upon chemical analysis used to predict the annealability more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04348 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04348 (Member Price)

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The electrodeposition of high-strength nanocrystalline metals and alloys as a means to augment the performance of electrical conductors

The electrodeposition of high-strength nanocrystalline metals and alloys as a means to augment the performance of electrical conductors

This paper presents an introduction to electrodeposited nanomaterials and how they can be used for structural reinforcement and weight reduction purposes. Key properties such as strength, ductility, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05311 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05311 (Member Price)

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The evolution of lubricant recovery for dry draw operations

The evolution of lubricant recovery for dry draw operations

Lubricant purification removes contaminants, leaving behind the lubricant that has not yet been consumed. The "Envirotec Purification System" has been developed to the point where it is beginning to more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05247 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05247 (Member Price)

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The evolution of wiredrawing coolant filtration and increased wire quality and production

The evolution of wiredrawing coolant filtration and increased wire quality and production

Extremely competitive international market conditions for all wire products demand a high-priority review of existing and future production installations. Coolant condition directly affects wire prodmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05201 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05201 (Member Price)

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The evolving technology of steel rod manufacturing--a personal perspective

The evolving technology of steel rod manufacturing--a personal perspective

This presentation by the 2002 Mordica Memorial lecturer, which traces advances he has seen and been part of during his 30-plus years in the industry shows the value in not letting standard beliefs homore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04918 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04918 (Member Price)

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The FEM simulation of wire fracture phenomena during multi-pass drawing

The FEM simulation of wire fracture phenomena during multi-pass drawing

In this study, FEM analysis of a drawing process was performed with two FEM codes, one developed by Milenin and the other by Gautham, et al. The risk of fracture in a deformation zone has been estimamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05287 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05287 (Member Price)

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The first robots--an archival approach covering the period 1840-1870

The first robots--an archival approach covering the period 1840-1870

In the three decades preceeding the American Civil War and the formation of the Dominion of Canada, new markets created a need for longer lengths of wrought iron wire than had been produced previouslmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03868 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03868 (Member Price)

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The future of wire drawing

The future of wire drawing

This paper discusses developments in the application of hard metals in metal working. It addresses hard metal in the production of wiredrawing dies; the system of using hard metal nibs with modular dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05250 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05250 (Member Price)

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The guarding of wire drawing machines in the United Kingdom

The guarding of wire drawing machines in the United Kingdom

Efforts to develop wiredrawing machine safety guards are reviewed. The resulting devices guard the nips between the wire and pulleys, protect against lashing wire and fragments, and prevent operationmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02928 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02928 (Member Price)

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The history, present situation, and future trends in ensuring constant and consistent wire tension in stranders

The history, present situation, and future trends in ensuring constant and consistent wire tension in stranders

This paper demonstrates possibilities for making the best use of sliprings or radio transmission to enable communication between rotating parts and master unit in a stranding operation. It highlightsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05384 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05384 (Member Price)

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The impact of oxide characteristics on coatings of steel reinforcement to rubber adhesion

The impact of oxide characteristics on coatings of steel reinforcement to rubber adhesion

Durability, performance and safety of a steel-belted tire are critically dependent on adhesion of the steel reinforcement to rubber. A bronze coating, having a nominal composition of 98.5 percent Cu more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04753 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04753 (Member Price)

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The importance of package size in the manufacture of steel tire cord

The importance of package size in the manufacture of steel tire cord

First advances to increase package size in steel tire cord manufacturing came from reducing labor by reducing the number of times payoff and take-up carriers require changing. However, there are moremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05498 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05498 (Member Price)

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The importance of the brass layer quality in the steel tire cord process

The importance of the brass layer quality in the steel tire cord process

The consistency of the brass layer is one of the most important quality characteristics during steel tire cord manufacturing, specifically in regard to manufacturing costs and the quality of the finamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05142 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05142 (Member Price)

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The improved Galvacor process

The improved Galvacor process

The Galvacor process, for applying zinc and zinc alloy coatings to steel rod and wire, has been significantly improved since its introduction in 1997. This article presents tangible results of improvmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04943 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04943 (Member Price)

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The improved vibratory pickling process.

The improved vibratory pickling process.

Developments and the characteristics of the vibratory pickling process are presented. This method cleans both inner and outer portions of heavy coils uniformly and quickly without unbundling and spremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03428 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03428 (Member Price)

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The individual development of shaving technology by Kieselstein

The individual development of shaving technology by Kieselstein

Improvement of the product quality through less material faults, increasing the resilience while reducing the weight without any constraint as regards the resistivity – all these requirements to compmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05486 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05486 (Member Price)

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The influence of cooling conditions of steel wire rod on scale formation and its application on mechanical descaling

The influence of cooling conditions of steel wire rod on scale formation and its application on mechanical descaling

The rate of cooling affects the amount and composition of scale, which in turn affects lubrication drag during wiredrawing.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04283 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04283 (Member Price)

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The influence of die angle on final stress state for micro-alloyed steel wires

The influence of die angle on final stress state for micro-alloyed steel wires

The influence of die angle on final stress state with respect to the drawing process is the main subject of this paper. It especially focuses on achieving optimal die angle with respect to surface qumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05233 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05233 (Member Price)

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The influence of die approach and die bearing on properties of high-carbon steel wire

The influence of die approach and die bearing on properties of high-carbon steel wire

This paper assesses the influence of the die approach and bearing on mechanical-technological properties of high-carbon steel wires. The drawing process of 2.9 mm wires to the final wire of 1.98 mmmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05500 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05500 (Member Price)

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The influence of friction conditions on widening of flattened steel cold-rolled wires

The influence of friction conditions on widening of flattened steel cold-rolled wires

The influence of friction, which decides the metal flow character in the wire flattening process of round wires during rolling, has not been precisely determined. In this work the round wire flattenimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04749 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04749 (Member Price)

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The influence of impurities upon the annealing response of electrolytic tough pitch copper

The influence of impurities upon the annealing response of electrolytic tough pitch copper

The influence of impurities on the annealability of electrolytic tough pitch copper is discussed, and a model to predict annealability based upon chemical analysis is presented. Levels of nine impurimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03117 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03117 (Member Price)

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The influence of intermediate coating on the drawability of high carbon steel wire

The influence of intermediate coating on the drawability of high carbon steel wire

The reduction of coating weight with the progress of drawing is the limiting factor to higher drawing speeds and drawing limits in the continuous drawing of steel wire. To cope with this problem, themore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04335 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04335 (Member Price)

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The influence of oxygen during hot rolling and drawing of continuous-cast rod

The influence of oxygen during hot rolling and drawing of continuous-cast rod

The effect of oxygen over the mechanical and physical properties of copper was studied. Tests measured; hot shortness, recrystallization temperature, drawability of copper wire, grain size of the Cu2more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03651 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03651 (Member Price)

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The influence of phosphorus and sulphur contents on the plastic deformability of high carbon steel wire

The influence of phosphorus and sulphur contents on the plastic deformability of high carbon steel wire

The influence of chemical composition of steel on the physical properties and deformability of wire are discussed. The performance of high carbon steel wire containing low amounts of phosphorus and smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03180 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03180 (Member Price)

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The Influence of Shaft Furnace Burner Settings on Dissolved Oxygen in Melted Cathodes

The Influence of Shaft Furnace Burner Settings on Dissolved Oxygen in Melted Cathodes

The original combustion investigations on the ASARCO Shaft Melting Furnace concept indicate that dissolved oxygen in the copper from the melting furnace was introduced at higher levels at lean and remore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05471 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05471 (Member Price)

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The influence of surface treatment on the risks of delayed fracture in high-strength cold headed bolts

The influence of surface treatment on the risks of delayed fracture in high-strength cold headed bolts

One way to reduce the risk of delayed fracture in cold-headed high-strength bolts is to limit the penetration of hydrogen into the steel. The authors observed that the highest level of hydrogen insidmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05266 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05266 (Member Price)

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The influence of the materials' condition and the drawing speed on the drawability of copper wire

The influence of the materials' condition and the drawing speed on the drawability of copper wire

This paper describes the behavior of seven different continuously cast and rolled copper rods when drawn to 0.05 mm wire. It also examines the behavior of CU2O particles during the drawing.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04464 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04464 (Member Price)

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The influence of the surface defects concerning upsetting and extrusion processes of the micro-alloyed steel

The influence of the surface defects concerning upsetting and extrusion processes of the micro-alloyed steel

This paper investigates behavior of bolts’ defects (cracks) of varying magnitude that may occur in bolt production processes (compression, upsetting). The objective has been to determine whether surfmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05344 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05344 (Member Price)

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The latest development in measuring equipment for online quality control at the cable extrusion

The latest development in measuring equipment for online quality control at the cable extrusion

Measuring technology of the latest standard has been developed, which meets the permanently increasing demands of the wire and cable industry for quality and productivity. Specially laid out for telemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04686 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04686 (Member Price)

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The latest idea of high temperature overhead line conductors with lower energy transmission losses

The latest idea of high temperature overhead line conductors with lower energy transmission losses

This paper presents a new idea for overhead conductors with special cores. The high-conductivity and high-strength cores are made from Cu-Ag wires (UTS>1000MPa, >75%IACS), and the external layers ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05495 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05495 (Member Price)

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The latest in multiwire processing: drawing, bobbin winding and braiding equipment

The latest in multiwire processing: drawing, bobbin winding and braiding equipment

This paper examines the impact of modern multiwire wire processing on drawing equipment, bobbin winding and braiding processes in wire and cable applications. It reviews new tendencies and trends andmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05112 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05112 (Member Price)

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The lubrication of aluminum wire

The lubrication of aluminum wire

The effects of wire diameter, tensile strength, and hardness; lubricant viscosity, flow rate, and service life; drawing speed; fines accumulation; water contamination; and air encapsulation on lubricmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02577 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02577 (Member Price)

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The manufacture of wire for use on automatic spring coiling machines in the bedding and seating industry

The manufacture of wire for use on automatic spring coiling machines in the bedding and seating industry

The requirements of the bedding and seating industry and efforts of steel spring wire manufacturers to meet these requirements are reviewed. Production management, factors influencing tensile strengtmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02427 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02427 (Member Price)

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The mechanism of chevron or ‘Crow’s Feet’ development in wiredrawing

The mechanism of chevron or ‘Crow’s Feet’ development in wiredrawing

Chevron cracking or “crow’s feet” is arguably the most significant form of surface damage directly attributable to the wiredrawing process. This paper sets forth the basic mechanics of the causal stimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04875 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04875 (Member Price)

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The metallurgy of archaeological wire: a tool for the modern metallurgist

The metallurgy of archaeological wire: a tool for the modern metallurgist

The study of archaeological metals offers the modern metallurgist a superb long-term corrosion laboratory. The metallurgist may study corrosion penetration in metals and alloys in wire, which are hismore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05166 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05166 (Member Price)

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The metallurgy of the direct-resistance annealing of copper

The metallurgy of the direct-resistance annealing of copper

The physical and mechanical metallurgy of the copper wire annealing response have been traditionally related to isothermal anneals, that is times at a given temperature. In line, direct-resistance amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04029 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04029 (Member Price)

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The Mobile Impact Tester for cold heading research at Ivaco Rolling Mills

The Mobile Impact Tester for cold heading research at Ivaco Rolling Mills

Ivaco Rolling Mills (IRM) has commissioned a Universal Horizontal Impact Tester (UHIT), a multi-purpose apparatus that can deliver up to 20 kJ of mechanical energy to a test specimen at initial velocmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05280 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05280 (Member Price)

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The monitoring and controlling of wire tension on stranding and similar rotating process machinery

The monitoring and controlling of wire tension on stranding and similar rotating process machinery

This paper provides an overview of the evolution of tension control systems, concluding with current process control technologies and future trends. It details the possibilities that exist today to mmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05516 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05516 (Member Price)

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The origin and control of steel wire defects

The origin and control of steel wire defects

The classes of wire breakage and typical causes are described. How each class of defect is controlled or corrected is discussed. Photos of the defects are shown.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02879 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02879 (Member Price)

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The physical properties of high carbon steel rope as affected by variations in patenting

The physical properties of high carbon steel rope as affected by variations in patenting

A study designed to determine the effects of patenting methods on physical properties of high carbon steel rope is presented. Three different steels were air or lead patented at 900, 1000 or 1100~F, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00874 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00874 (Member Price)

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The potential for lubricant dust explosions in the wiredrawing industry

The potential for lubricant dust explosions in the wiredrawing industry

In the last few years, the chemical and manufacturing industry has come under closer government scrutiny due to the issue of combustible dust explosions resulting in the loss of life in the workplacemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05518 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05518 (Member Price)

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The prestressed concrete business.

The prestressed concrete business.

The principles of prestressed concrete, types of prestressing, how it compares with reinforced concrete, plant operations, anchoring devices for strand, production, and marketing are discussed. Problmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01964(List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01964 (Member Price)

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The problem of dark wire: a new approach

The problem of dark wire: a new approach

Physical and electrical properties of copper wire are measured in terms of springback, conductivity, surface smoothness, elongation, freedom from dust, conductivity, etc. The wire’s color has no effemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04868 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04868 (Member Price)

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The production and processing of type 440C stainless steel wire.

The production and processing of type 440C stainless steel wire.

Stainless steel alloy 440C is considered. Emphasis is placed on wire production. The three stainless steel groups are described. Development, application, and usage of the type 440 group are discussemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02007 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02007 (Member Price)

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The production of aluminum wire for cables by non-slip wiredrawing.

The production of aluminum wire for cables by non-slip wiredrawing.

The method used at the Prescot works of British Insulated Callender's Cables Ltd for the production of aluminum wire is described. Continuous non-slip drawing, machine speeds and drafting, dies and lmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02310 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02310 (Member Price)

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The properties of X8076 aluminum electrical conductor alloy

The properties of X8076 aluminum electrical conductor alloy

The properties of a new aluminum electrical conductor alloy, X8076, are discussed. Materials and test procedures, connection stability, strain hardening, annealing, bendability, temperature stabilitymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02916 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02916 (Member Price)

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The quality assessment of low-carbon wire rod and wire using cold work resistance as the measure

The quality assessment of low-carbon wire rod and wire using cold work resistance as the measure

This paper is an attempt to explain the issue of quality assessment of low-carbon wire rod and wires using cold work resistance as a measure. It analyzes the drawing process with regard to breakdown more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05411 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05411 (Member Price)

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The quest for wire surface quality for medical applications

The quest for wire surface quality for medical applications

Stainless steel, Co-Cr-Ni-Mo(MP35N) and TiNi (nitinol) wires have been used extensively in medical applications, including catheters, stents and pacemakers. Although the materials are corrosion-resismore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04473 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04473 (Member Price)

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The relation of steel quality to the drawing of steel wire. Part III

The relation of steel quality to the drawing of steel wire. Part III

Defects in steel that lead to problems in drawn steel wire are discussed; dissolved oxides, occluded hydrogen, accidental constituents in steel, varying carbon content, and cementite are considered. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00106 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00106 (Member Price)

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The results of tension and compression tests of wire after patenting and drawing

The results of tension and compression tests of wire after patenting and drawing

This paper presents results of tension and compression tests of C76 steel wire samples after patenting and drawing. It shows that during compression testing after deformation wire has a lower value omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05208 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05208 (Member Price)

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The right mix: morphology and dispersion of carbon black in the stabilization of weather-resistant polyethylenes

The right mix: morphology and dispersion of carbon black in the stabilization of weather-resistant polyethylenes

Carbon black is widely recognized and used as an effective ultraviolet (UV) light stabilizer for plastic applications. Recent research verifies that the quality of dispersion of carbon black in plastmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04853 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04853 (Member Price)

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The role of back tension in die and pass schedule design

The role of back tension in die and pass schedule design

Back tension is often present in wiredrawing. It can be inadvertent, variable or a part of process design. Nonetheless, traditional die and pass schedule teachings have largely ignored back tension. more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04560 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04560 (Member Price)

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The role of nickel and zinc in ETP copper

The role of nickel and zinc in ETP copper

Extensive and detailed studies have been performed using commercial ETP coppers that were doped over a wide range of nickel and zinc contents. Effects of these elements upon electrical conductivity, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04311 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04311 (Member Price)

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The savings an in-process SRL predictor brings into the wire manufacturing process

The savings an in-process SRL predictor brings into the wire manufacturing process

This paper illustrates the important role an in-process Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analyzer and Structural Return Loss (SRL) predictor system play in the manufacturing process of data communicationmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05427 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05427 (Member Price)

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The Saxonburgh Ropes

The Saxonburgh Ropes

Between 1841 and 1849, John A. Roebling and his neighbors produced more than 100 lengths of iron wire rope by hand in an open meadow on his farm at Saxonburg, Pennsylvania. The extraordinary success more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04557 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04557 (Member Price)

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The shape profile of a band lateral section in the process of flattening of the wire

The shape profile of a band lateral section in the process of flattening of the wire

A profile of the band lateral section after multi-pass flattening of wire has been presented using functions which describe the radius of rounding free surface profile and metal contact width with thmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05117 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05117 (Member Price)

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The state of the art of saw wire process technology

The state of the art of saw wire process technology

Saw wire is mainly used for cutting polycrystalline silicon ingots into wafers which are applied in photovoltaic panels. A strong growing market requires the highest demands of saw wire technology. Dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05512 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05512 (Member Price)

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The strengthening of steel by wiredrawing.

The strengthening of steel by wiredrawing.

The cold working of steel wire is reviewed. Theories of plastic deformation, methods of evaluating the rate of strain hardening, the effects of chemistry and metallurgical structure, effects of wiredmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02029 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02029 (Member Price)

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The theory of lubrication.

The theory of lubrication.

The function of lubricants in wire reduction, the importance of subsequent processing to the selection of an appropriate lubricant, variables that influence lubrication, dry contact, boundary lubricamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03211 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03211 (Member Price)

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The thermal embrittlement of stressed polyethylene

The thermal embrittlement of stressed polyethylene

Tests on thermal embrittlement of stressed polyethylene are described. Test methods and results for high density polyethylene and for several low pressure and high pressure polymers and copolymers armore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01664 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01664 (Member Price)

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The Turks Head in shaped wire production, Part I

The Turks Head in shaped wire production, Part I

Part one of a series on the use of the Turks Head in shaped wire production discusses the principle of the Turks Head, types, early development, uses, problems, operation, the extent of its use in inmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01396 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01396 (Member Price)

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The Turks Head in shaped wire production, Part II

The Turks Head in shaped wire production, Part II

Part two of this series discusses further the operation of Turks Heads, their use in combination with rolling mills and draw benches, and their use as wire shaping mills. Rules of operation, bearing more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01401 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01401 (Member Price)

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The twisting of wire---principles and applications

The twisting of wire---principles and applications

The basic process of twisting (stranding) is explained. Drawings show the operation of various twisters, stranders and bunchers.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02867 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02867 (Member Price)

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The union of quality, Lean and Six Sigma

The union of quality, Lean and Six Sigma

This paper discusses the development and implementation of a customer-focused, comprehensive corporate quality system, blending Lean and Six Sigma approaches as the basis, for continuous improvement,more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05402 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05402 (Member Price)

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The use of lime substitute rod coatings at Atlantic Steel Company.

The use of lime substitute rod coatings at Atlantic Steel Company.

The use of a borax-based substitute lime coating for steel rod is described. Lime coated rods, disadvantages of lime, composition and application of the substitute, cleaning house facilities and pracmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03092 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03092 (Member Price)

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The wire in wireless

The wire in wireless

One should not be too surprised that there is actually a lot of wire and cable used in constructing a wireless network. Of course the amount needed is reduced sharply from what would be used in a tramore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05048 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05048 (Member Price)

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Theoretical and experimental analysis of the drawing process with change of deformation direction

Theoretical and experimental analysis of the drawing process with change of deformation direction

A change of drawing direction even in the last draw significantly affects the fatigue strength of wire and fatigue durability of ropes manufactured from such wire. This paper presents a wide range ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05182 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05182 (Member Price)

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Theoretical possibilities for determination of rope fatigue strength on the basis of wire properties

Theoretical possibilities for determination of rope fatigue strength on the basis of wire properties

In this paper a method for determination of fatigue strength of wires (Zgo) on the basis of their tensile strength (Rm), number of bends (Nb) and number of twists (Nt) will be described. Those propermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04956 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04956 (Member Price)

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Theories of die design

Theories of die design

The increasing use of mechanical descaling and higher drawing speeds have raised demands on the wire mill and on carbide dies; accordingly, changes have been necessary to update descaling, lubricatiomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05351 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05351 (Member Price)

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Theory and practice of modern taping and stranding. Part III.

Theory and practice of modern taping and stranding. Part III.

In part three of a series, a discussion of the design features desirable in a taping machine continues. Five different features are described in detail; these are automatic stop, uniform advance, manmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00732 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00732 (Member Price)

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There’s gold in those tanks! Getting the most from your aluminum wiredrawing oil

There’s gold in those tanks! Getting the most from your aluminum wiredrawing oil

Aluminum wiredrawing oils are a capital expenditure for most wiredrawers and proper maintenance is critical to maximizing oil life. This work gives an overview of aluminum wiredrawing oils, their chemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04718 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04718 (Member Price)

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Thermal behavior in solid wiredrawing lubricants

Thermal behavior in solid wiredrawing lubricants

Basic tribological principles which govern lubricant behavior will be explored. The conditions experienced by the lubricant during the drawing operation cause changes in the lubricant’s physical statmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05145 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05145 (Member Price)

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Thermal diffusion analysis of brass coated steel wires

Thermal diffusion analysis of brass coated steel wires

On coated wires, where the a brass composition is close to the a - b boundary, two parameters should be known in order to adjust the diffusion process: the a/b ratio and the diffusion rate. These parmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04564 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04564 (Member Price)

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Thermodynamic wire transformation process in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Thermodynamic wire transformation process in the manufacture of steel tire cord

The newly developed quenching and soaking technique Liquid Quenchant Fluidized Bed Technology uses the thermodynamic wire transformation process to precisely quench and soak steel during strand patenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05279 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05279 (Member Price)

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Thermomechanical processing of spring steel rod with reducing sizing mills for improved properties and microstructure

Thermomechanical processing of spring steel rod with reducing sizing mills for improved properties and microstructure

Through thermomechanical processing in a reducing sizing mill, the properties and microstructure of spring steel can be tailored to make the rolled rod more suitable for downstream processing. The comore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05227 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05227 (Member Price)

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Three-dimensional FEM simulation of the influence of drawing in setting angle used in wiredrawing

Three-dimensional FEM simulation of the influence of drawing in setting angle used in wiredrawing

The characteristics of winding, effective in manufacturing fine wire coil with small diameter, bobbin rolls and so forth, were simulated with the drawing direction angle attached to the die entrance more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04919 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04919 (Member Price)

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Torsion test: In-depth characterization and microscopic analysis

Torsion test: In-depth characterization and microscopic analysis

Ductile fractures after torsion test for bead wire is a primary goal for the steel wire manufacturers. Studies include the identification of the critical parameters that influence torsional ductilitymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04663 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04663 (Member Price)

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Torsion tests as a tool for high strength wire evaluation

Torsion tests as a tool for high strength wire evaluation

When exceeding the classically known strength levels, sufficient torsional ductility becomes one of the utmost critical material requirements for a sound processability of steel cord filaments into cmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04222 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04222 (Member Price)

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Torsion tube package SZ-Stranding method for fiber optic cables

Torsion tube package SZ-Stranding method for fiber optic cables

Despite the rapid development in the area of fiber optic cables the loose tube cable construction is still the dominating one in many areas. A fullsize fiber optic loose tube cable is a result of sevmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04089 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04089 (Member Price)

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Trace of yttrium in ACSR aluminum boosts transmission line efficiency 50%

Trace of yttrium in ACSR aluminum boosts transmission line efficiency 50%

A heat-resistant Al-Zr-Y conductor developed by Sumitomo Electric for power transmission lines is discussed. Addition of Yttrium (Y) provides conductivities greater than 60% IACS and eliminates powermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02831 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02831 (Member Price)

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Tracking products in the wire industry using bar codes?

Tracking products in the wire industry using bar codes?

Three of the leaders in the wire industry discuss how they have been tracking product with a barcode using a reliable method that has been proven by the test of time. They knew paper tags or plastic more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05419 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05419 (Member Price)

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Transition and implementation from ISO 9002 to ISO 9001:2000

Transition and implementation from ISO 9002 to ISO 9001:2000

What is ISO 9001/2000, and why register? This paper will discuss the major changes being implemented with the new standard, the major changes vs. ISO 9000 and the steps being taken toward implementatmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04977 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04977 (Member Price)

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Trends in non-lead and heavy-metal-free wire and cable applications

Trends in non-lead and heavy-metal-free wire and cable applications

Non-lead and heavy-metal-free (HMF) polyvinyl chloride (PVC) compounds present a viable material alternative to vinyl lead-based systems for wire and cable applications. This paper discusses the trenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04845 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04845 (Member Price)

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Troubleshooting cold heading die failures

Troubleshooting cold heading die failures

The presentation will cover three topics: fundamentals of die failure, troubleshooting methodology and root cause analysis and industrial case studies. This material will include a number of industrimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05004 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05004 (Member Price)

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Turnkey solution for LAN Cat. 6, LAN Cat. 7, and coax cable production

Turnkey solution for LAN Cat. 6, LAN Cat. 7, and coax cable production

This paper will outline new services that include business plan analysis, a plant definition study, turnkey solutions for complete LAN and coax production cells, and complete cable-making know-how trmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05152 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05152 (Member Price)

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Twist and tension

Twist and tension

These two parameters, i.e., the ability of the product to twist around its own axis along with the tension that is required to make the product without issue, define the range of rotating equipment tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05155 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05155 (Member Price)

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Two stage resistance welding of high-carbon prestressing rod.

Two stage resistance welding of high-carbon prestressing rod.

A comparison of welding processes is given. Two-stage resistance welding of high carbon steel rod for prestressed concrete is discussed; equipment modifications, the anneal cycle, pre- and post-anneamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03012 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03012 (Member Price)

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Ultra smoothing bar and wire by drawing process with protrusion die

Ultra smoothing bar and wire by drawing process with protrusion die

In order to produce ultra-smooth bars by drawing only, a new die was developed that has protrusions 20 to 60 microns (02 to 0.06 mm) high along the bearing length. This die induced high contact pressmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04922 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04922 (Member Price)

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Ultra-D ultrasonic degassing and processing of aluminum

Ultra-D ultrasonic degassing and processing of aluminum

This paper presents the experimental method used and results obtained from an ultrasonic system used on a continuous rod, casting and rolling line with pure and alloyed aluminum, as well as in a largmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05525 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05525 (Member Price)

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Ultrasonic gauging for jacketed cable and fiber

Ultrasonic gauging for jacketed cable and fiber

This paper discusses the merits of ultrasonic gauging technology as a means of evaluating and controlling wall thickness for jacketed cable and fiber. Specifically, it examines how the technology wormore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04878 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04878 (Member Price)

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Ultrasonic in-line cleaning systems for wire and rod; and Ultrasonic cleaning chemistry (Parts 1 & 2)

Ultrasonic in-line cleaning systems for wire and rod; and Ultrasonic cleaning chemistry (Parts 1 & 2)

Ultrasonic cleaning uses electrical energy, converted to produce cavitation, the formation and collapse of vacuum bubbles in a liquid. This agitation, by countless small, intensely collapsing bubblesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04272 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04272 (Member Price)

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Umicore Copper rod - what’s behind the name

Umicore Copper rod - what’s behind the name

This paper will discuss production of copper rod, focusing on the issues of quality and performance. Some applications will be discussed. It will address Umicore Copper’s ETP, OF, and low alloyed OF more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04992 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04992 (Member Price)

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Understanding copper conductor inventory valuation makes or breaks the relations between borrower and lender

Understanding copper conductor inventory valuation makes or breaks the relations between borrower and lender

Asset-based lending by banks to wire companies is highly dependent upon accurate valuations of the inventory (copper rod, copper wire, copper conductors, finished products, semi-finished products, fimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05125 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05125 (Member Price)

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