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19-wire double-twist stranding

19-wire double-twist stranding

This paper extends the use of the Double-twist process to manufacture 7-wire strand from #8 AWG (8 mm2) to #1/0 AWG (50 mm2) to 19-wire strand up to 4/0 AWG (100 mm2) in a single pass. It reviews themore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03928 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03928 (Member Price)

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2004 Mordica Lecture: Some Aspects of Wire Rod Quality

2004 Mordica Lecture: Some Aspects of Wire Rod Quality

The lecture presents a summary of more than 30 papers written or co-written by the author from 1995 to 2004. Those articles are analyzed in six parts on topics that include wire rod quality and indicmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05071 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05071 (Member Price)

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3-D FEM analysis of roller die and hydrodynamic drawing of high carbon steel wires

3-D FEM analysis of roller die and hydrodynamic drawing of high carbon steel wires

This paper presents results of numerical simulations of processes of a roller die and a hydrodynamic drawing of high-carbon steel wire with newly developed FEM software. With this software digital vamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05111 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05111 (Member Price)

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61-wire single-twist stranding

61-wire single-twist stranding

The productivity of the single-twist machine for stranding is higher than the rigid strander. The strand quality is significantly better than that of a double-twist machine. The set-up time and set-umore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05319 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05319 (Member Price)

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A case for tensile specifications in the steel rod and wire industry

A case for tensile specifications in the steel rod and wire industry

High-carbon steel wire has traditionally been drawn from hot-rolled rods manufactured to specified chemical ranges. Several years ago the specifications were re-crafted to designate tensile strength more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04892 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04892 (Member Price)

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A comparison between E-beam and CV crosslinking technologies for wire and cable constructions

A comparison between E-beam and CV crosslinking technologies for wire and cable constructions

Electron beam crosslinking machines and cv machines are both suitable for high volume commodity wire making operations. Only electron beam machines can effectively produce lower volume specialty typmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04149 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04149 (Member Price)

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A comparison of three SZ methods for stranding and cabling power and control cable conductors

A comparison of three SZ methods for stranding and cabling power and control cable conductors

In the SZ (reverse lay) stranding or cabling process the direction of the lay of the conductors is periodically reversed. This system is widely used in Europe in the manufacture of power, control anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03996 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03996 (Member Price)

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A comparison of wiredrawing block cooling by air, oil and water.

A comparison of wiredrawing block cooling by air, oil and water.

Three cooling media for use during the cold drawing of steel wire were evaluated: air, oil, and water. Heat flow from the wire through the block to the cooling media was determined. Equipment, calculmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02354 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02354 (Member Price)

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A double-twist machine with a single twist effect

A double-twist machine with a single twist effect

High-quality and high production rates can be obtained when cabling nonferrous electrical conductors by using a new double-twist machine with a single twist effect. The new machine is described whichmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03925 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03925 (Member Price)

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A fine wire drawability case study

A fine wire drawability case study

A detailed study concerning factors affecting the drawability of 42 gauge copper wire has been conducted in a manufacturing plant and in the laboratory. Influence of rod shaving, copper rod quality,more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03979 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03979 (Member Price)

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A general review of chevron cracking causes with two unusual cases at Gerdau Ameristeel Beaumont

A general review of chevron cracking causes with two unusual cases at Gerdau Ameristeel Beaumont

Chevron cracking is a well-recognized type of fracture during wiredrawing, but its many causes are not well understood. This paper reviews known causes in a summary chart, together with the investigamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05181 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05181 (Member Price)

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A guide to the selection of cabling machinery

A guide to the selection of cabling machinery

Described are different types of cabling machines used in the electrical cable industry for assembling power, control and communications cables. The different design principles will be described and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03453 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03453 (Member Price)

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A method of testing compressive relaxation in aluminum wire conductors

A method of testing compressive relaxation in aluminum wire conductors

Relaxation of aluminum wire conductors is discussed. Relaxation testing, test apparatus, load cell and electrical equipment, recording, and results are considered. The chemical composition and conditmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02909 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02909 (Member Price)

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A new calibration method for complex shape sections with reflex angles

A new calibration method for complex shape sections with reflex angles

An improved calibration method for the preform of drawn sections was developed by analyzing and comparing industrially used sections. Based on Preussler, this method enables the calibration of sectiomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04511 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04511 (Member Price)

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A new cleaning method for wire rod and wires

A new cleaning method for wire rod and wires

A new method based on plasma technology combined with an innovative mechanical descaling system allows the removal of FexOy and FeO from the surface of steel wire. This technology performs an acid- amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05132 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05132 (Member Price)

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A new concept for the stranding machine:  the monobitorsion

A new concept for the stranding machine: the monobitorsion

Higher output speeds needed with higher quality for telecom cable strands utilizing pairing and stranding techniques in a single operation. Primary conclusions: Higher speeds and greater outputs witmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04086 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04086 (Member Price)

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A new concept in the design of patenting installations.

A new concept in the design of patenting installations.

A new type of patenting system utilizing the high heat transfer rates obtained by contra-flow quenching by liquid lead is presented. The design and operation of the experimental plant are described amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02675 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02675 (Member Price)

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A New Concept in the Evaluation of the 10 X 10 Twist Test for Copper Rod

A New Concept in the Evaluation of the 10 X 10 Twist Test for Copper Rod

This paper will discuss the value of the twist test as a process control tool and as a test to determine copper rod surface quality. The changes in twist test equipment, procedures and the evaluatiomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04096 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04096 (Member Price)

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A new fire retardant sheathing concept for UTP data cables and fire-resistant cables

A new fire retardant sheathing concept for UTP data cables and fire-resistant cables

Halogen-free systems have become an acceptable part of the cable makers’ method of manufacture. Unfortunately, although extremely environmentally friendly, they have their limitations in areas of promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04881 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04881 (Member Price)

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A new form of making flexible copper conductors

A new form of making flexible copper conductors

This paper discusses an invention related to a method and an apparatus for the continuous production of a twisted stranded cable and ultra flexible single-strand wire. Both constructs have the flexibmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05417 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05417 (Member Price)

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A new generation of lubricants and accessory products for wire drawing, free from substances that are potentially harmful or dangerous to persons and the environment

A new generation of lubricants and accessory products for wire drawing, free from substances that are potentially harmful or dangerous to persons and the environment

According to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 the following products: 1) sodium tetraborate (borax) 2) boric acid are classified as toxic for reproduction and unborn children (R60-61 - May impair fermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05492 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05492 (Member Price)

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A new generation on-line SRL predictor system for data cable manufacturing

A new generation on-line SRL predictor system for data cable manufacturing

Online Structural Return Loss (SRL) prediction has grown significantly in recent years, but there are still limitations to existing solutions. A new generation, online SRL predictor system has been dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04907 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04907 (Member Price)

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A new method for mechanical descaling and cleaning of wire rod and wiredrawing with new generation dies and lubricants

A new method for mechanical descaling and cleaning of wire rod and wiredrawing with new generation dies and lubricants

An innovative steel wire rod mechanical descaling and cleaning system combined with special types of drawing dies in tungsten carbide and new specific lubricants for the coating of the wire has been more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04986 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04986 (Member Price)

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A new process for the production of steel for prestressed concrete

A new process for the production of steel for prestressed concrete

High carbon steel wires have been largely used in applications where high strength and good ductility are required. The steel is usually produced by ingot casting or continuous casting of large sectmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04160 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04160 (Member Price)

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A new process of sequential brass coating

A new process of sequential brass coating

Currently sequential brass coating is applied from individual copper and zinc electrolytes followed by thermal diffusion. The surface layer contains less than 50 percent copper and is composed of brimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04358 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04358 (Member Price)

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A new system for laboratory experimentation for the profile, geometry, and degree of finish of a die for optimum wiredrawing

A new system for laboratory experimentation for the profile, geometry, and degree of finish of a die for optimum wiredrawing

This method uses specially designed and constructed equipment for precision laboratory measurement of wiredrawing force as wire passes through the die. Consequently, it is possible to compare the resmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05379 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05379 (Member Price)

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A new tandem slip rod drawing machine

A new tandem slip rod drawing machine

The design of a tandem slip rod drawing machine using a cascade (straight) gear train is described. Calculation of torque, gear tooth loading, constructional design, adjustable die-holders, and operamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03181 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03181 (Member Price)

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A new technique for measuring stress relaxation of power connectors machined from high performance copper alloy rod

A new technique for measuring stress relaxation of power connectors machined from high performance copper alloy rod

Unreliable power connections can cause extensive equipment damage and may result in serious personal injury. This paper covers the details related to sample geometry calculations, measurement procedumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04754 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04754 (Member Price)

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A new vertical hot-dipped wire galvanizing system for thin coatings

A new vertical hot-dipped wire galvanizing system for thin coatings

In commercial wire galvanizing, wire covered with a low zinc coating is commonly produced with a technological process defined as “horizontal galvanizing,” so called because the wires leave the zinc more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05045 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05045 (Member Price)

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A numerical study on the distributions of temperature in a fine high carbon steel wire subjected to high-speed drawing

A numerical study on the distributions of temperature in a fine high carbon steel wire subjected to high-speed drawing

Quantitative evaluation was carried out on the influences of drawing conditions on the temperature distribution during high-speed drawing of wire. The material adopted was AISI 1080 high carbon steelmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04762 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04762 (Member Price)

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A possibility of obtaining additional value of production by control of wire tolerances

A possibility of obtaining additional value of production by control of wire tolerances

In this paper main principles concerned with tolerances in the case of wire manufacturing will be presented. It has been shown that wires ought to be manufactured with upper deviation G = 0 and lowermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04957 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04957 (Member Price)

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A quantitative study on the different lubrication modes for wiredrawing of 80Ni-20r wire,

A quantitative study on the different lubrication modes for wiredrawing of 80Ni-20r wire,

This paper addresses the lubrication modes that can exist during the slow speed wire drawing of 80% Ni - 20% Cr alloy. Since the lubrication mode affects the surface characteristics of the drawn wiremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05149 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05149 (Member Price)

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A reappraisal of electrogalvanizing.

A reappraisal of electrogalvanizing.

Advantages of electrogalvanizing, including uniformity of coating, the nearly 99% utilization of zinc, simplicity of operation, and costs lower than that of hot dip galvanizing, are discussed. Some smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00875 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00875 (Member Price)

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A safe machine your duty

A safe machine your duty

Steps to survive the product liability crisis for the designer and machine user are presented to provide a safe machine and proper legal defense. Design requirements will be related to the national cmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04495 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04495 (Member Price)

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A simple method for evaluating the compressive creep characteristics of wire samples

A simple method for evaluating the compressive creep characteristics of wire samples

A method for evaluating the compressive creep characteristics of wire samples using a Rockwell hardness tester is discussed. Material preparation, experimental technique, and results are described.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02880 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02880 (Member Price)

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A system for controlling and filtering the pollutant particles during the wiredrawing process

A system for controlling and filtering the pollutant particles during the wiredrawing process

In this process the copper that is drawn emits particles and dust into the environment and this results in the pollution of the workplace. Inhaling these particles is harmful for human beings. In thimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04999 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04999 (Member Price)

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A technical review of industrial practices for decreasing the strain hardening rate of low carbon steel wire

A technical review of industrial practices for decreasing the strain hardening rate of low carbon steel wire

The use of rod produced from scrap-based, continuously cast, electric furnace steel as a replacement for hot metal, ingot cast, rim steel rod has been hindered by its excessive strain aging. Minimizimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05094 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05094 (Member Price)

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A technological evaluation of European copper rod supplies

A technological evaluation of European copper rod supplies

The copper wire rod industry worldwide has just completed a process of reorganization after a period of extensive change, the traditional wire-bar-rolling process being replaced by production routes more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03729 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03729 (Member Price)

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A tool for wiredrawing tribology study

A tool for wiredrawing tribology study

Friction, lubrication and wear are among the major concerns of many researchers worldwide, who are attempting to understand and optimize the tribology system and consequently to increase the efficienmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04785 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04785 (Member Price)

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A twist on heavily drawn wire

A twist on heavily drawn wire

This Mordica Memorial Award lecture address focuses on the question of the absolute upper limits of tensile strength of heavily drawn wires and reveals how the stress state of many wire products is nmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05396 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05396 (Member Price)

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A unique conductivity measurement system

A unique conductivity measurement system

This paper describes a unique conductivity measurement system (% IACS) specially designed for a frequent routine testing of rod materials (copper, aluminum, aluminum/alloy or other conductors) from 6more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04888 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04888 (Member Price)

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A universal taping and braiding chart.

A universal taping and braiding chart.

A chart is presented for the rapid solution of taping or braiding problems. The mathematical basis for the chart is given in a series of mathematical equations.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00924 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00924 (Member Price)

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A wiredrawing teaching laboratory at Rensselaer

A wiredrawing teaching laboratory at Rensselaer

Materials Science & Engineering seniors at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute participate in a wiredrawing laboratory with measurements including drawing force, die angle, drawing speed, and temperaturmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05260 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05260 (Member Price)

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A workability criterion for internal ductile fracture in the steel cold heading process

A workability criterion for internal ductile fracture in the steel cold heading process

A criterion to set workability limits for internal ductile fracture (voids and cracks) in the cold heading of dual phase steel is presented. The proposed criterion is based on the damage estimated bymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05151 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05151 (Member Price)

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ABC of better lubrication and cooling in steel wiredrawing.

ABC of better lubrication and cooling in steel wiredrawing.

Developments of better lubrication and cooling in steel wiredrawing are discussed. Happenings within the die, the development of thick-film lubrication, and extraction of heat from the wire are examimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01774 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01774 (Member Price)

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About new capacities of double twist machines for laying up of electrical wires

About new capacities of double twist machines for laying up of electrical wires

To understand better the development of double twist machines it seems useful to come back too its principles and primary relizations. The wires enter into a hollow half-shaft A and go around a pullmore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03722 (Member Price)

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About the drawing process and the possibility of its improvements

About the drawing process and the possibility of its improvements

2000 Mordica Memorial Lecture

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04751 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04751 (Member Price)

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Abrasion studies of automotive primary cables insulated with XLPE compounds

Abrasion studies of automotive primary cables insulated with XLPE compounds

An experimental study using two types of abrading tests (sandpaper and needle), according to ISO-6722-1 and SAE-J-1128 standards, was performed in automotive primary cable insulated with XLPE compounmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05084 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05084 (Member Price)

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AC or DC spooler drives for wire enameling equipment.

AC or DC spooler drives for wire enameling equipment.

AC and DC drives for wire industry use are discussed. Technical specifications regarding torque, spindle speed, and reel size relationships are presented graphically and in tabular form; they providemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01388 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01388 (Member Price)

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Accurate non-contact length measurement improves productivity and quality control

Accurate non-contact length measurement improves productivity and quality control

To survive, manufacturers must become more efficient. The practice of including additional length due to inaccurate length measurements is analogous to giving money away. Contact counters have accuramore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04971 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04971 (Member Price)

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Achieving optimal economy in the production of wire and cables by perfectly produced and reconditioned drawing die tools

Achieving optimal economy in the production of wire and cables by perfectly produced and reconditioned drawing die tools

When entering a wire drawing- or cable plant, in the midst of all spectacular infrastructure and huge machinery therein, it is easy to lose sight of the die-tool. We all know well that this eye-catcmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05491 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05491 (Member Price)

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Acid pickling of copper rod with no effluent.

Acid pickling of copper rod with no effluent.

In 1982, Canada Wire and Cable manufacturing facilities replaced the copper redraw rod with a Krupp-Hazelett continuous rod line. A pickling system designed to clean the rod which uses a minimal amoumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03649 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03649 (Member Price)

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Active screen plasma nitriding of VCN Mo 200 low-alloy steel

Active screen plasma nitriding of VCN Mo 200 low-alloy steel

This paper considers the effects of various active screen plasma nitriding (ASPN) parameters such as temperature and active screen set-up parameters including top lid type (screen or simple) and scremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05322 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05322 (Member Price)

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Adding dimension to the ‘North Star’ wire rod rust guide to expand its usefulness

Adding dimension to the ‘North Star’ wire rod rust guide to expand its usefulness

After several years of using the color photo Rust Guide to facilitate communications relating to determining fitness for use, North Star Steel has now added associated depth and width measurements. Mmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04660 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04660 (Member Price)

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Addition of boron to high carbon wire rod

Addition of boron to high carbon wire rod

In the last six to eight years, IHSW has successfully developed a series of low carbon grades containing boron additives to improve the physical properties and performance of wire rod. Boron additivemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04646 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04646 (Member Price)

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Adhesion of tire bead wire to rubber: some findings

Adhesion of tire bead wire to rubber: some findings

In this study, immersion plating of motor tire bead wire was carried out in baths of different concentration levels of CuSO4, H2SO4, and SnSO4. The oxidation of plated wire was prevented by applying more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05317 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05317 (Member Price)

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Adhesion promotion of wire and cable jacketing by atmospheric plasma surface treatment

Adhesion promotion of wire and cable jacketing by atmospheric plasma surface treatment

Thermoplastics, thermosets, or fibrous coatings all have low levels of polar functional groups on the surface and have poor adhesion properties, making it difficult to apply other functional layers smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05408 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05408 (Member Price)

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Adhesion promotion of wire and cable jacketing by atmospheric plasma surface treatment

Adhesion promotion of wire and cable jacketing by atmospheric plasma surface treatment

Thermoplastics, thermosets, or fibrous coatings all have low levels of polar functional groups on the surface and have poor adhesion properties, making it difficult to apply other functional layers smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05437 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05437 (Member Price)

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Adhesion technology for nickel plating and natural rubber

Adhesion technology for nickel plating and natural rubber

Brass plating has been applied for adhesive plating for reinforcing material for tire and hose. Direct adhesion between brass plating and natural rubber is formed during curing. However, this good admore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04874 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04874 (Member Price)

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Advance of Beta titanium alloy TIMETAL® LCB in automotive spring applications

Advance of Beta titanium alloy TIMETAL® LCB in automotive spring applications

TIMETALÒ LCB (a low cost beta titanium alloy) was introduced more than 10 years ago targeting non-aerospace applications such as automotive suspension and valve springs. The most recent development emore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05153 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05153 (Member Price)

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Advanced semi-automatic straightening technology

Advanced semi-automatic straightening technology

A revolutionary aspect of advanced semi-automatic straighteners is the idea of using modules, each equipped with a roll adjusting mechanism and a straightening roll which can be assembled to straightmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05278 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05278 (Member Price)

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Advanced SZ stranding for copper cables

Advanced SZ stranding for copper cables

The range of applications for SZ-stranding and combined SZ-stranding/extrusion has extended significantly. This not only remains the most efficient technology for fiber optics, it has started to capmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04897 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04897 (Member Price)

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Advanced technology in wire and cable manufacturing

Advanced technology in wire and cable manufacturing

Due to the recent economic recession and the fast globalization trends, the world market leaders in the wire and cable field are developing new business strategies. Moreover, they are increasingly inmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05478 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05478 (Member Price)

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Advancement of the vibratory pickling process

Advancement of the vibratory pickling process

After our presentation on our coil-rotating vibratory wire rod pickling system at Atlanta in 1981, we developed another new pickling system at the strong request of our wire rod customers. The new smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04142 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04142 (Member Price)

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Advances in concentricity and wall thickness measurement of cable primaries using ultrasonic technology

Advances in concentricity and wall thickness measurement of cable primaries using ultrasonic technology

This paper discusses the merits of ultrasonic technology when applied for on-line measurement of concentricity and wall thickness of cable primaries. Specifically, recent advances are discussed that more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05035 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05035 (Member Price)

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Advances in induction heating of wire products

Advances in induction heating of wire products

The paper discusses the latest designs in induction wire heating for applications such as preheating prior to coating, relaxation, curing and preheating prior to encapsulation.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04435 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04435 (Member Price)

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Advances in the technology for annealing steel wire

Advances in the technology for annealing steel wire

This paper describes design and operational aspects of a unique Australian technology in wire annealing. Significant metallurgical and economical as well as ecological (clean air) advantages have beemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05116 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05116 (Member Price)

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Advantages of salt patenting wire and rod.

Advantages of salt patenting wire and rod.

Salt patenting of wire and rod, using a continuous direct-fired gas furnace is reviewed. Physical properties of the sodium nitrate salt were compared to lead to establish working capacity and relativmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03612 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03612 (Member Price)

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Advantages with on-line service via modem

Advantages with on-line service via modem

This paper will describe the benefits of on line serice of wiredrawing machinery via a modern connection. The communication technology of today enables us to do the commissioning, service,fault findmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05000 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05000 (Member Price)

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Aging effects in steel wire processing

Aging effects in steel wire processing

Aging, through carbon-dislocation interactions, can strengthen steel wire, both statically and dynamically (strain aging). The sensitivity of aging to temperature and strain rate complicates process more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05291 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05291 (Member Price)

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Alcan's experience in converting continuous cast aluminum alloy rod into mechanical wire products

Alcan's experience in converting continuous cast aluminum alloy rod into mechanical wire products

Material problems in wire, rod and tube drawing can seldom be solved by materials science alone. It is true that the physical metallurgist, based on sophisticated investigation techniques, can descrmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03914 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03914 (Member Price)

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Alkaline cleaner recycle

Alkaline cleaner recycle

This paper presents the theory of ultra-filtration of alkaline cleaners and the design considerations in sizing an ultra-filtration system. Examples of direct economic benefits derived from recyclingmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04824 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04824 (Member Price)

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Alternatives to lead bath for patenting of high carbon steel wire

Alternatives to lead bath for patenting of high carbon steel wire

This paper discusses experiments with patenting in a fluidized bed and with a gas cooler, as alternative heat treatment methods to the use of a lead bath. The experiments were done both in the laboramore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05020 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05020 (Member Price)

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Aluminum alloys redraw rod by continuous casting and rolling (CCR)

Aluminum alloys redraw rod by continuous casting and rolling (CCR)

Continuous casting and rolling (CCR) for hard-temper aluminum alloys, the 'Pechiney CCR process', is described. Advantages of the process, and the developments, modifications, and adjustments in obtmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03778 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03778 (Member Price)

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Aluminum spiral wrapping for stabilization of niobium/titanium superconductor wire

Aluminum spiral wrapping for stabilization of niobium/titanium superconductor wire

Stabilizing niobium/titanium (Nb/Ti) low temperature superconductor wire with aluminum instead of copper reduces the overall weight up to 50 percent. Spiral wrapping of aluminum onto a core of Nb/Ti more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04858 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04858 (Member Price)

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Aluminum wire rod produced with Upcast® technology

Aluminum wire rod produced with Upcast® technology

The main application area of Upcast® technology today is the casting of copper and copper-based alloy wire rod. The wire and cable industry is a major user of this process. As aluminum has recently gmore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05373 (List Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05373 (Member Price)

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Aluminum wiredrawing filtration

Aluminum wiredrawing filtration

This paper is an overview of the various concepts relative to aluminum wiredrawing using both light to heavy viscosity oils as well as water soluble applications. It describes the various types of clmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05422 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05422 (Member Price)

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Aluminum wiredrawing lubricants.

Aluminum wiredrawing lubricants.

Various aspects of lubricating aluminum wire for drawing are presented. The use of petroleum oils with high pressure additives for fine wire, greases on low speed machines, and heavy viscosity oils fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01419 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01419 (Member Price)

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An accurate noncontact technique for measuring length and speed of wire and cable

An accurate noncontact technique for measuring length and speed of wire and cable

This paper provides details on a new noncontact length and speed measurement technique for the wire and cable industry. This technique utilizes a well established research technology known as Laser Dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04448 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04448 (Member Price)

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An improved system for hot rolling and cleaning hot copper rod without acid

An improved system for hot rolling and cleaning hot copper rod without acid

Consolidated Copper Co The Lube-Well RH lubricant/cleaner system, developed by the G. Whitfield Richards Co, reduces formation of copper oxide scale on copper rod during rolling and cleaning while elmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02926 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02926 (Member Price)

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An overview of traditional and unique eddy current wire testing solutions

An overview of traditional and unique eddy current wire testing solutions

This paper explores traditional and unique eddy current wire testing solutions. Eddy current inspection is a commonly used non-destructive testing technique for the detection of surface imperfectionmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05060 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05060 (Member Price)

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An update and some new thoughts concerning the electrical properties of copper

An update and some new thoughts concerning the electrical properties of copper

This paper reviews the role of several major factors affecting the electrical resistivity/conductivity of copper wire and focuses on the influence of residual impurities, test temperature, alloying emore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04472 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04472 (Member Price)

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An update on the development of Conform.

An update on the development of Conform.

The Babcock design of two models of Conform machines using the technology already available from the UKAEA is presented. Comparisons between standard wiredrawing equipment and the Conform machine, shmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03466 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03466 (Member Price)

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Analyses and prevention methods for wire breaks in ultrafine gold wire drawing

Analyses and prevention methods for wire breaks in ultrafine gold wire drawing

Examination of wire breaks in superfine gold wire drawn with conventional methods and conditions indicates breaks are mainly caused by inclusions, most of which have particle sizes of approximately 2more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05204 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05204 (Member Price)

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Analysis of capstan friction during fine copper and aluminum wiredrawing

Analysis of capstan friction during fine copper and aluminum wiredrawing

Research and development work aimed at reducing wire break frequencies included development of a tension meter based on strain gauges. Tension experiments were performed on drawing machines drawing fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03345 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03345 (Member Price)

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Analysis of different equations for calculations of wire tensile strength after patenting and drawing

Analysis of different equations for calculations of wire tensile strength after patenting and drawing

This paper analyzes the work of various authors to select equations which provide the highest accuracy compared with values determined experimentally. A computer program was used which allows for tenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05320 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05320 (Member Price)

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Analysis of influence of some parameters of conical die on properties of drawn carbon steel wire rope

Analysis of influence of some parameters of conical die on properties of drawn carbon steel wire rope

This paper investigates the effect on wire properties and drawing process parameters of replacing the cylindrical bearing part of the die with a conical one that has a small slope angle combined withmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05446 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05446 (Member Price)

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Analysis of material and labor costs in the process of steel wire manufacturing

Analysis of material and labor costs in the process of steel wire manufacturing

In this work technological calculations and losses that occur in subsequent operations of steel manufacturing will be presented along with a detailed analysis of labor costs. A method of elaboration more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04893 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04893 (Member Price)

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Analysis of metal flow during flattening of round wires in cold rolling process

Analysis of metal flow during flattening of round wires in cold rolling process

An analysis is given of the effect of roll diameter (100, 160 and 210 mm) and the constant pass reduction (15 and 30 percent) on the wire spread during flattening of the wires. Wires in the 2-7 mm dimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04599 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04599 (Member Price)

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Analysis of reasons for increase of tensile, yield strength and number of twists of wires drawn in pressure dies

Analysis of reasons for increase of tensile, yield strength and number of twists of wires drawn in pressure dies

This work is a continuation of the paper presented at the 66th Annual Convention in Charlotte in 1996 entitled, "Hydrodynamic drawing effects on wire ASTRO characteristics." In this work there were cmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04768 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04768 (Member Price)

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Analysis of rod defects and resulting wire failures.

Analysis of rod defects and resulting wire failures.

This paper explores select rod defects, along with the resultant wire defect. Also select wire defects caused by poor drafting practices are illustrated. Most examples are in high and medium carbon smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03469 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03469 (Member Price)

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Analysis of surface flaws on drawn wire and wire breaks

Analysis of surface flaws on drawn wire and wire breaks

Using experiments and finite element method (FEM) analysis, this paper examines whether surface cracks on wire rods grow or are removed during drawing. The deformation behavior of V-shaped, concave, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05389 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05389 (Member Price)

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Analysis of the factors affecting the drabability of copper rod

Analysis of the factors affecting the drabability of copper rod

Factors such as oxygen content, particle size, particle distribution and shape in copper rod are investigated experimentally and correlated to an analysis of wire breaks. Performance of wire drabilimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03413 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03413 (Member Price)

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Analysis of the forming of points in wire nails

Analysis of the forming of points in wire nails

This paper covers wire for nails and reports results from experimental studies and from Finite Element Method (FEM) simulations. The following points were covered: (a) lateral flash separation, (b) tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05282 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05282 (Member Price)

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Analysis of the straightening of drawn wires using rollers by FEM

Analysis of the straightening of drawn wires using rollers by FEM

In this study, finite-element method (FEM) analysis of the straightening of wires using drawn rollers is carried out to discuss the optimum straightening conditions and the conditions of each part ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05312 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05312 (Member Price)

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Analysis of tin-and nickel-plated copper wire failures for quality improvement

Analysis of tin-and nickel-plated copper wire failures for quality improvement

Failure analysis is an important tool in wiredrawing quality improvement. Certain aspects of wire failures occurring in plated wires are specific to the particular type of plating that is being used.more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04880 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04880 (Member Price)

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Analysis of wire temperatures and power requirements on multipass drawing productivity

Analysis of wire temperatures and power requirements on multipass drawing productivity

A mathematical model for the prediction of drawing temperatures and power requirements in multiple pass drawing of high carbon wire is presented. The model is programmed for solution by computer. Sinmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03219 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03219 (Member Price)

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Analysis of wire-clamped joints by FEM

Analysis of wire-clamped joints by FEM

Clamped joints (CJ), which can be classified as permanent joints, are often used for connecting and fixing steel wire ropes, electric cables, or hydraulic conduits. This paper presents a numerical anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05530 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05530 (Member Price)

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Anisotropy of mechanical properties of drawn steel wires

Anisotropy of mechanical properties of drawn steel wires

This article presents research into the yield point of steel wires of 0.2 percent and 0.7 percent carbon as demonstrated in tension and compression tests. Experiments showed that drawn wire shows animore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04954 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04954 (Member Price)

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Annealing characteristics of Triple E electrical conductor alloy

Annealing characteristics of Triple E electrical conductor alloy

The yield strength, UTS, and thermal stability of 0.0808 inch Triple E conductor alloy wire (0.6% Fe-Al) were compared to those of EC aluminum after annealing at 204-315~C for 1-7 hours. Superior strmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02933 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02933 (Member Price)

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Annealing ferrous wire in nitrogen based atmospheres.

Annealing ferrous wire in nitrogen based atmospheres.

This paper first outlines the appropriate nitrogen-plus-additive combinations for a variety of annealing operations, and then focuses on ferrous applications in particular. The different additives usmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03527 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03527 (Member Price)

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Annealing: the first step in cold forming.

Annealing: the first step in cold forming.

A program submitted by the Rad-Con Inc., for an annealling process producing steel wire with little or no decarb, a high degree of spheroidization and operator simplicity, and completely computerizedmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03627 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03627 (Member Price)

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Another voice path under the Atlantic

Another voice path under the Atlantic

The TAT-5 ocean cable system calls for about 3500 miles of cable laid down on the ocean floor at depths up to three miles. In this article the author describes the system and the processing of cable more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02510 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02510 (Member Price)

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Anti-corrosion grease for overhead line conductors

Anti-corrosion grease for overhead line conductors

The life and performance of an overheard line conductor is greatly influenced by its ability to resist corrosion, particularly in environments of high humidity, salt, and acid pollutants. Applicationmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05378 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05378 (Member Price)

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Antithrombogenic oxide film on stainless steel for cardiovascular applications

Antithrombogenic oxide film on stainless steel for cardiovascular applications

Experimental evidence showed that amorphous oxide has a high time constant value, low open-circuit potential, and negative current density at open-circuit potential. Trace thrombosis was found for a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05036 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05036 (Member Price)

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Application constraints and design considerations for military cable harness

Application constraints and design considerations for military cable harness

Military wire harness is specially designed for the harshest environments. This need is well-known by producers and consumers of various products that require military specifications. This paper defimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05529 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05529 (Member Price)

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Application of a new indicator for strength characteristics of steel ropes

Application of a new indicator for strength characteristics of steel ropes

In this paper a simple and universal indicator is proposed for the estimation of rope construction quality. It is based on ratios of wire tensile strength to the number of twists and bends. Based on more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05110 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05110 (Member Price)

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Application of Cockroft-Latham criterion in FEM analysis of wire fracture in conventional drawing of high-carbon steel wire

Application of Cockroft-Latham criterion in FEM analysis of wire fracture in conventional drawing of high-carbon steel wire

This paper studies damage in the wiredrawing process using FEM software with a modified Cockroft-Latham criterion. The critical value of this criterion was determined by simulation of experiments whemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05296 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05296 (Member Price)

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Application of microscope techniques in the magnet wire industry

Application of microscope techniques in the magnet wire industry

Copper and enamel come together in magnet wire by means of the enameling process and conform to a composite of a wide range of applications in bobbins, motors and transformers. The copper and enamel more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05090 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05090 (Member Price)

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Artificial Intelligence: improving the scheduling of process manufacturing

Artificial Intelligence: improving the scheduling of process manufacturing

Advances in processing power and intelligent searching allow standard computers to perform complex scheduling tasks real time. This paper explores the feasibility and methodology in producing an optimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04885 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04885 (Member Price)

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Aspects of the process of manufacturing fine flattened wires

Aspects of the process of manufacturing fine flattened wires

In this work, results of experimental investigations of manufacturing wires with non-round sections from high alloy steel will be presented. Roller dies were used in the drawing process. Methods of smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04746 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04746 (Member Price)

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Assessment of rod resistivity as a test for the cross-welding compatibility of various low carbon grades

Assessment of rod resistivity as a test for the cross-welding compatibility of various low carbon grades

Investigation demonstrated rod resistivity data and carbon weight percentage accurately predicted mesh weld shear strength and set down. Reduced power consumption of ± 20% may be utilized for higher more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05150 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05150 (Member Price)

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Atomic Force Microscopy: A powerful tool to study the radial gradients in mechanical properties of hard-drawn pearlitic steel wire

Atomic Force Microscopy: A powerful tool to study the radial gradients in mechanical properties of hard-drawn pearlitic steel wire

In this investigation, Atomic Force Microscopy has been applied to study the nano-scale lamellar microstructure of heavily deformed (e=4) pearlitic steel wire used in automotive applications. In combmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04780 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04780 (Member Price)

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Automated nut inspection with eddy current NDT.

Automated nut inspection with eddy current NDT.

An automated system for the inspection of cold forged nuts is described and illustrated. The key feature of the system is the multi-station operation; eddy current inspection, pneumatic probing, and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02701 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02701 (Member Price)

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Automatic spool package edge quality assessment and correction algorithm for winding applications

Automatic spool package edge quality assessment and correction algorithm for winding applications

Auto-edge correction control algorithm automatically compensates for build-up and run-off of fiber on the edge of take-up spools without operator intervention or additional sensors. This allows for hmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05024 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05024 (Member Price)

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Automotive cable production – today’s global standards and future trends

Automotive cable production – today’s global standards and future trends

Price pressure, necessary cost reductions, and environmental regulations are leading to different production methods for automotive cables. This paper gives an overview of different automotive cable more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05136 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05136 (Member Price)

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Automotive zigzag spring wire.

Automotive zigzag spring wire.

The steps in the manufacture of automotive zigzag spring wire are presented. The optimum ranges of concentrations of carbon, manganese, phosphorous, sulfur, and silicon in the raw metal; required gramore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01506 (Member Price) $15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01506 (List Price)

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Backtwisting LAN cables: a theoretical background

Backtwisting LAN cables: a theoretical background

State-of-the-art LAN cable technologies cannotavoid wire defects like eccentricity. The lack of concentricity and some wire oscillation degrades the channel quality due to loss, interference and signmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04761 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04761 (Member Price)

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Bar and wire with ultra-smoothing and lower residual stress by new drawing

Bar and wire with ultra-smoothing and lower residual stress by new drawing

In order to produce ultra-smoothing bars and lower residual stress through drawing without additional processes, a new die was developed and evaluated. This protrusion die induces high-contact pressumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05014 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05014 (Member Price)

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Basic considerations in the design of wire drawing machinery

Basic considerations in the design of wire drawing machinery

Basic requirements for drawing wire are reviewed and how they relate to single and multiple capstan drawing machines is discussed. Die pull, tensile strength slipping, coefficient of friction, drive more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02240 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02240 (Member Price)

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Basic study of straightness in roller leveler straightening for bar in coil

Basic study of straightness in roller leveler straightening for bar in coil

The goal of this paper was to investigate the straightness limit of bar in coil. It focuses on the bar shapes in coil feeding roller leveler straightening. The straightening of several conditions (a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05228 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05228 (Member Price)

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Becoming a niche player in customer service

Becoming a niche player in customer service

This paper reflects the process changes, cultural evolution, and strategy shifts needed for the author’s team to embrace and effectively pursue top delivery performance to customers. It highlights thmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05355 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05355 (Member Price)

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Behavior of residual stress and drawing stress in conical-type die and circle-type die drawing by FEM simulation and experiment

Behavior of residual stress and drawing stress in conical-type die and circle-type die drawing by FEM simulation and experiment

This study considers conical-type and circle-type die shapes, and the new design of the optimum die shape as proposed from FEM simulation. The optimum die-angle and reduction were put in order and comore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04772 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04772 (Member Price)

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Benefits of gear pumps for wire and cable CV lines

Benefits of gear pumps for wire and cable CV lines

This paper reviews the benefits of gear pumps as used with rubber in the wire and cable industry. The gear pump is a positive displacement device that “meters” rubber at a very consistent flow. The pmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05337(List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05337 (Member Price)

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Benefits of shaving hot rolled rod

Benefits of shaving hot rolled rod

The advantages of a conventional hot rolling mill are given; tests, comparisons, and the effects of the different processes on copper rod are described. The benefits of shaving copper rod for the promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02984 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02984 (Member Price)

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Benefits of the Two-Roll Rolling Process on Aluminum and Copper Rod

Benefits of the Two-Roll Rolling Process on Aluminum and Copper Rod

The rolling process is critical for converting cast aluminum into usable rod for the downstream customer. Southwire’s many years of experience and research in the field of rolling and Siemens’ many ymore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05476 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05476 (Member Price)

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Benjamin Severson and his post-tensioned girders

Benjamin Severson and his post-tensioned girders

In 1995, an archival paper presented to the Wire Association International described four cast-iron girders discovered inside an old Philadelphia bank building in 1981. Each of the girders had been pmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04927 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04927 (Member Price)

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Beryllium ingot wire.

Beryllium ingot wire.

The production of fine beryllium wire is discussed. Wiredrawing methods, ingot wire properties, and applications including reinforcing filament, titanium-clad beryllium, and space vehicle antennae armore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02341 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02341 (Member Price)

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Between two Mordica Awards 1973-2003

Between two Mordica Awards 1973-2003

Thirty years apart, the son of a former Mordica Memorial Award winner follows in his father's footsteps. Here, he traces some of the challenges and successes that came with leading the family businemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04951 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04951 (Member Price)

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Beyond problem solving -- Profit!

Beyond problem solving -- Profit!

The paper outlines a method for solving manufacturing and business problems, which is actually a principle that can be applied to profit generation (others may call it continuous improvement, new promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04487 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04487 (Member Price)

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Block coatings—maximizing equipment productivity

Block coatings—maximizing equipment productivity

This paper presents an overview of the options available for rebuilding and hard surfacing wiredrawing blocks. It includes all forms of hard surfacing processes available, including flame hardening, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05062 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05062 (Member Price)

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Block maintenance and coatings – what you need to know

Block maintenance and coatings – what you need to know

This paper highlights the importance of proper coating selection and precise finished contours for wiredrawing equipment parts such as capstans (i.e., blocks or drums), stepcones, pulleys, sheaves, amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05329 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05329 (Member Price)

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Bond strength of PC wire in concrete

Bond strength of PC wire in concrete

This paper examines the amount of dry soap used during wiredrawing and heat treatment like bluing or hot-stretching during the final process. The authors confirmed that the less the amount of residuamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05154 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05154 (Member Price)

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Bonderlube FL—a new way to approach surface treatment

Bonderlube FL—a new way to approach surface treatment

This paper discusses the introduction of an innovative process for steel surface treatment in cold forming. This new polymeric-based technology has been developed with the aim of replacing zinc phomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05381 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05381 (Member Price)

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Boxed wire ingeniously simple, low cost cable packing

Boxed wire ingeniously simple, low cost cable packing

Boxed wire fosters environmental friendly and recyclable packing and reduces costs to meet environmental codes. The extruder line requires no haul-off capstan or take-up, and the client’s line requirmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04611 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04611 (Member Price)

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Breakthroughs in wiredrawing

Breakthroughs in wiredrawing

Today, polycrystalline diamond (PCD) wire dies are used for drawing a wide range of ferrous and nonferrous metals. In many ways, PCD wire dies have revolutionized the way wire makers draw wire, enablmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05297 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05297 (Member Price)

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Cable fables: confusion and misconceptions about NFPA-79

Cable fables: confusion and misconceptions about NFPA-79

Confusion abounds regarding the “new” NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) regulations pertaining to UL-recognized (AWM-style) cable. Various interpretations of NFPA-79 have generated articlesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05403 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05403 (Member Price)

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Cable marking systems and news in optical fiber coating systems

Cable marking systems and news in optical fiber coating systems

This paper describes Medek & Schoerner’s range of cable marking machines and fiber optic processing lines. Its offerings include high-quality gravure printers for speeds up to 1500 m/min, embossing mmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05256 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05256 (Member Price)

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Cable taping theory and practice

Cable taping theory and practice

Formulas for calculating the weight of wrapping tape required for a given length and diameter of cable are presented. The calculations take into account the width of tape needed for a specified overlmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02827 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02827 (Member Price)

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Calculating wire sizes for wire rope

Calculating wire sizes for wire rope

A method for wire size determination for wire rope is presented; equations which can be programmed for fast and accurate calculations are included. Strand construction, seale, strand lay, and clearanmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02526 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02526 (Member Price)

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Calculation of ropes fatigue strength on the base of mechanical properties of wires

Calculation of ropes fatigue strength on the base of mechanical properties of wires

A proposed method of calculation of the number of cycles of rope to failure during fatigue tests allows for an elimination of time and work consuming experimental tests. It has been confirmed that prmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05103 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05103 (Member Price)

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Calculation of slip in wet drawing machines

Calculation of slip in wet drawing machines

A practical method for calculating the magnitude of wire slippage during the operation of slip-type multiple capstan wet wiredrawing machines is presented. Calculations can be performed on a slide rumore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02836 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02836 (Member Price)

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Calculation of the basic parameters for slip drawing machines.

Calculation of the basic parameters for slip drawing machines.

Western Electric Co Inc Mathematical formulas for the calculation of machine constant, ratio E, reduction in area, elongation, slip, tolerance in wires and dies, and the die line are presented.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03048 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03048 (Member Price)

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Capstan maintenance for ferrous wiredrawing

Capstan maintenance for ferrous wiredrawing

Different aspects of capstan maintenance essential to the production of quality ferrous wires will be reviewed. Included will be standard guidelines and general rules for determining tapers and radiimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04518 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04518 (Member Price)

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Carbide Die Design - Impact Upon Wire Quality

Carbide Die Design - Impact Upon Wire Quality

Reduction zone must have accurate conical angle with smooth surface finish. Angle and bearing have a common centerline. Reduction angle designed with correct degree of angle for reduction in area omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04052 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04052 (Member Price)

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Caster filtration for continuous cast copper rod

Caster filtration for continuous cast copper rod

Caster cooling water systems become contaminated with acetylene soot, graphite, and oils restricting heat transfer. Reduced heat transfer between copper wheels, dam blocks, and steel bands result in more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05352 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05352 (Member Price)

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Casting and drawing 6201 alloy for improved characteristics

Casting and drawing 6201 alloy for improved characteristics

6201 is the Aluminum Association designation for an electrical grade overhead conductor aluminum alloy. Requirements for use as an electrical conductor include conductivity, strength, and corrosion more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03818 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03818 (Member Price)

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Casting, rolling, and drawing, 6201 alloy for overhead conductor.

Casting, rolling, and drawing, 6201 alloy for overhead conductor.

Three different production methods are evaluated in the manufacture of 6201 alloy wire for electrical applications. Conventional casting and rolling, continuous casting rolling/solution heat treatmenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03571 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03571 (Member Price)

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Cat 5+ and Cat 6 worldwide market situation and new trends

Cat 5+ and Cat 6 worldwide market situation and new trends

Are the Cat 5+ and Cat 6 cables the future in Local Area Networks? Whichcable design will be used in the years ahead? This paper will provide amarket analysis, considering the current worldwide situamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04456 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04456 (Member Price)

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Category 5 Data communication cables

Category 5 Data communication cables

The ability to manufacture cables capable of transmitting data at the 100 megahertz level requires precise control of the process variables. This paper illustrates a typical operating line capable omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04247 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04247 (Member Price)

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Cementite Decomposition and the Second Stage Static Strain Aging of Pearlite Steel Wires

Cementite Decomposition and the Second Stage Static Strain Aging of Pearlite Steel Wires

Mosebauer spectra for eutectoid steel are reported for specimens patented and drawn to 19, 59, 79 and 86% area reduction, in the aged condition (180 C, 60 min) and non-aged. The aging time and tempmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04137 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04137 (Member Price)

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Center bursts—a review of criteria

Center bursts—a review of criteria

The development or exacerbation of centerline fractures and porosity in wiredrawing has been the subject of many analyses, especially owing to the liabilities regarding drawing breaks and cable and fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05295 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05295 (Member Price)

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Characterization and causes of continuity faults within enamels and at the enamel/copper interface

Characterization and causes of continuity faults within enamels and at the enamel/copper interface

A taxonomy has been developed for dielectric failures occuring in enamel coated copper magnet wires during application of high voltage alternating current. Defects have been identified using metallomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04234 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04234 (Member Price)

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Characterization of Al wirebreaks as a tool for productivity improvement

Characterization of Al wirebreaks as a tool for productivity improvement

This paper deals with wire breaks that occur during wiredrawing of aluminum rod, which are characterized by different techniques, in order to define the origin of the failure, which can be found in emore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05420 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05420 (Member Price)

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Characterization of Copper Fines and Its Impact on Filtration

Characterization of Copper Fines and Its Impact on Filtration

Copper fines from rod breakdown machines collected from different sources were characterized using different techniques. The size distribution of the particles was conducted using sieving and weighimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04090 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04090 (Member Price)

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Characterization of defects on rectangular wire produced by continuous extrusion

Characterization of defects on rectangular wire produced by continuous extrusion

This paper deals with classification and interpretation of the origin of typical defects found on Al-1350 rectangular wire. It characterizes defects by means of metallographical analysis as well as omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05435 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05435 (Member Price)

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Characterization of rod and wire defects produced during the manufacturing of copper

Characterization of rod and wire defects produced during the manufacturing of copper

This paper covers the description of defects in copper wire which result from the melting and casting operation, rolling and pickling operation and entire wiredrawing operation (rod breakdown, intermmore»

$0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04327 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04327 (Member Price)

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Chevron crack and optimum drawing condition in the diagram of mean stress and die-wire contact length ratio by FEM simulation

Chevron crack and optimum drawing condition in the diagram of mean stress and die-wire contact length ratio by FEM simulation

The internal stress and temperature distributions during wiredrawing and residual stress after the cooling of drawing temperature were simulated with FEM. The mean stress (hydrostatic stress) on the more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04712 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04712 (Member Price)

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Classification of wire breaks and their countermeasures in superfine gold wiredrawing

Classification of wire breaks and their countermeasures in superfine gold wiredrawing

The authors have investigated 1) the observation and classification of superfine gold wire breaks in drawing, 2) the causes and countermeasures of wire breaks, and 3) the established process for obtamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05078 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05078 (Member Price)

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Cleaning and coating of wire using the EPCAD process

Cleaning and coating of wire using the EPCAD process

This paper relates to the use of EPCAD technology to clean and coat steel wire. In cleaning, the wire or wire rod is passed through an electrolytic cell in which the wire is grounded and serves as a more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04818 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04818 (Member Price)

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Cleaning copper and aluminum drawing lubricants

Cleaning copper and aluminum drawing lubricants

Factors to consider when choosing tallow-based or synthetic-based lubricants for copper wiredrawing and straight-oil or water-soluble lubricants for aluminum wiredrawing are outlined. Lubricant cleanmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02573 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02573 (Member Price)

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Coating of steel wires with polymers in hydrodynamic drawing

Coating of steel wires with polymers in hydrodynamic drawing

This work investigates the possibility of applying the process of hydrodynamic drawing to the coating of low-carbon steel wires. Instead of typical lubricants, different types of polymers were used amore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04876 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04876 (Member Price)

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Cold rolling of small diameter steel wires

Cold rolling of small diameter steel wires

The scope of this paper is to analyze technological and operational aspects of cold rolling technology using sets of rolls of the oval-rounded sequence type. At the current state-of-the-art this tecmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04349 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04349 (Member Price)

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Colloidal graphite as a lubricant in wiredrawing.

Colloidal graphite as a lubricant in wiredrawing.

Use of colloidal graphite as a lubricant coating during the cold drawing of high-strength steel for bolts and hot drawing of tungsten and molybdenum wires is discussed.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01815 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01815 (Member Price)

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Colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant.

Colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant.

The use of colloidal graphite as a wiredrawing lubricant for drawing fine tungsten, molybdenum and steel wire is described. The performance of various graphite compounds is discussed and they are commore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01459 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01459 (Member Price)

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Combined eddy current and optical flaw detection methods

Combined eddy current and optical flaw detection methods

This paper describes the merging of the eddy current and infrared optical tests to simultaneously test insulated wire for flaws in both the wire and the insulation. Both methods test at speeds from 5more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04723 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04723 (Member Price)

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Commercial evaluation of TCHP dies

Commercial evaluation of TCHP dies

TCHP is a new advanced material suitable for manufacture into dies with prolonged life. Initial performance studies have found wear resistance seven times that of conventional carbide dies. The most more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05445 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05445 (Member Price)

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Comparison of competing continuous casting process

Comparison of competing continuous casting process

The authors will compare the SCR and Contirod processes in areas that include initial investment cost vs. rate of production tons per hour (or annual capacity); product defects and engineering solutimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05079 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05079 (Member Price)

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Comparison of the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling for cleaning of low-carbon steel wire rod – a case study

Comparison of the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling for cleaning of low-carbon steel wire rod – a case study

This paper is based on a case study conducted to analyze the effectiveness of mechanical descaling against acid pickling to obtain bright, smooth wire surface finish. A detailed comparative analysis more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05218 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05218 (Member Price)

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Computer integrated testing of rod and wire

Computer integrated testing of rod and wire

The paper reviews the increasing use of eddy currents for the in-process inspection of both ferrous and nonferrous rod and wire. High speed computer techniques permit evaluation and categorization ofmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04500 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04500 (Member Price)

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Computer-aided tool design and simulation of the wire rolling process

Computer-aided tool design and simulation of the wire rolling process

This paper describes how to design roll-tooling and drawing dies for the wire forming process using CAD/CAM software. It presents a numerical method for the simulation of the wire forming process by more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05199 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05199 (Member Price)

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Computerized straightening

Computerized straightening

This paper presents the concept of computerized straightening which is aimed at automated process control for wire straightening. Through the variation of process parameters, a process simulator workmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04579 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04579 (Member Price)

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Concept for material saving and quality optimization on jacketing and insulating lines

Concept for material saving and quality optimization on jacketing and insulating lines

One solution for quality optimization in jacketing and insulating is the continuous measurement and control of the relevant data directly during the jacketing process. Today’s technologies allow for more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05257 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05257 (Member Price)

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Concurrent measurement principle and technology comparisons

Concurrent measurement principle and technology comparisons

Laser diffraction diameter measurement is now used for fine wire drawing and in die shops. As a two-axis instrument is not able to detect true ovality, Cersa made only single-axis instruments, but admore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04996 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04996 (Member Price)

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Continuous aluminum rod

Continuous aluminum rod

Ten years experience with the Properzi process of aluminum redraw rod production is summarized. Furnaces, casting machines, the mill, coiling, controls, and continuous aluminum rod specifications aremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02118 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02118 (Member Price)

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Continuous cast filtration concepts

Continuous cast filtration concepts

This paper covers a wide range of topics relative to filtration for continuous cast copper and aluminum. Subjects include system concepts, filtration concepts, system components, filter types, filtermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05015 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05015 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod.

Continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod.

Scovill Mfg Co's experience in the continuous casting and processing of copper base alloy wire and rod is reviewed. Developmental and production phases of casting rod and wire are described and the fmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02175 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02175 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod at the M.H. Olen copper refinery uses no wheel

Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod at the M.H. Olen copper refinery uses no wheel

A wheel-less, high-capacity, straight-line, continuous casting method was developed for copper rod using a Hazelett twin-belt caster coupled with a 15-strand Krupp rolling mill. Good drawability and more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02957 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02957 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod.

Continuous casting and rolling of copper rod.

A continuous casting and hot rolling system for tough pitch copper rod was developed using altered Properzi machines. Advantages include bottom pouring with no inclusions, a more dense product, and tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02162 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02162 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting of copper-magnesium conductor alloys

Continuous casting of copper-magnesium conductor alloys

International demand for copper conductors exhibiting both high tensile strength and good electrical conductivity is growing strongly. The high speed rail and the automotive industries are two major more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05524 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05524 (Member Price)

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Continuous casting technology and introduction to bar porosity detection infrared system

Continuous casting technology and introduction to bar porosity detection infrared system

This paper discusses a system to detect porosity during the continuous casting of copper bar. This system uses an infrared camera to measure surface temperature as the copper bar exits the casting whmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05349 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05349 (Member Price)

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Continuous Casting: A Matter of Continuous Innovation

Continuous Casting: A Matter of Continuous Innovation

Casting technology is a living thing. As in all processes, the only way to keep the lead is by continuous innovation. Improvement through innovation must be a comprehensive matter, dealing with many more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05470 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05470 (Member Price)

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Continuous hydrogen measurement in liquid copper what can we learn?

Continuous hydrogen measurement in liquid copper what can we learn?

Hydrogen in molten copper, a major cause of porosity in cast bars, generates surface defects in finished rod. The control of dissolved hydrogen in cast copper is important to ensuring quality improvemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04938 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04938 (Member Price)

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Continuous hydrostatic extrusion of wire

Continuous hydrostatic extrusion of wire

Continuous hydrostatic extrusion has been under development by F.J. Fuchs, Jr. since 1970 at Western Electric (A.T. & T Technologies) and, under a patent licensing arrangement, since 1981 at Jade Clamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03727 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03727 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvement in wire and rod coils spheroidize annealing

Continuous improvement in wire and rod coils spheroidize annealing

This paper presents the results of tests performed on continuous multi-zone roller hearth furnaces and bath roller hearth furnaces using endothermic gas as a protective atmosphere and nitrogen gas asmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04988 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04988 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvement of steel wire rod product quality to meet the wiredrawing industry’s future needs

Continuous improvement of steel wire rod product quality to meet the wiredrawing industry’s future needs

Driven by competitive pressures and the need to continually reduce costs, the wiredrawing industry is increasingly looking for improved performance from wire rod supplied by the rod mills. This papermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04917 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04917 (Member Price)

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Continuous improvements through selective investments at the Cedynia rod mill in Orsk

Continuous improvements through selective investments at the Cedynia rod mill in Orsk

The Cedynia copper rod mill in Orsk is a part of KGHM Polska MiedŸ S.A. The plant is one of the bigger European copper wire rod producers and is still in the process of making continuous improvementsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04654 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04654 (Member Price)

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Continuous patenting, cleaning and coating.

Continuous patenting, cleaning and coating.

A continuous strand patenting-cleaning-coating facility installed at The Steel Company of Canada's Canada Works is described. The austenitizing furnace, lead pan, cleaning section, coating section, vmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03063 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03063 (Member Price)

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Contribution to mechanical features of all dielectric self supporting cables

Contribution to mechanical features of all dielectric self supporting cables

This paper presents results of the newest research activities on All Dielectric Self Supporting (ADSS) cables. Basic technical parameters and specific characteristics of two types of cables are givenmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04757 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04757 (Member Price)

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Control for fatigue during patenting and plating in the manufacture of steel tire

Control for fatigue during patenting and plating in the manufacture of steel tire

This paper reviews some steel tire cord manufacturing aspects that can affect fatigue properties like patenting, plating, and diffusion. Other manufacturing issues, both up- and down- stream can inflmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05306 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05306 (Member Price)

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Control of cable twist in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of cable twist in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Ramifications of improper twist control during steel tire cord manufacture include snarling and bunching of cable during payoff in the creel room, trapped ends in the spool during payoff, and unaccepmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05226 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05226 (Member Price)

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Control of furnace atmosphere during patenting in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of furnace atmosphere during patenting in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Patenting is complicated, including two steps: heating and controlled cooling. This paper reviews control of furnace atmosphere. Furnaces usually have an entrance stack; hot gases flow counter to wirmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05400 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05400 (Member Price)

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Control of heating during wiredrawing

Control of heating during wiredrawing

An analysis of heat-producing factors during wiredrawing is given. The theory of wire heating during drawing (deformation work and friction work) is described. The nature of the fundamental variablesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02911 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02911 (Member Price)

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Control of strengthening mechanisms in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of strengthening mechanisms in the manufacture of steel tire cord

This paper examines the influence of the manufacturing process on filament strength (FS). Steel rod composition affects FS by ferrite solid solution strengthening, cementite carbide strengthening, anmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05148 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05148 (Member Price)

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Control of the surface quality during hot rolling on a high-speed rod mill

Control of the surface quality during hot rolling on a high-speed rod mill

A non-destructive type of inspection for the surface finish of wire rod after hot rolling, based on eddy current, is introduced. The C.G.R. (Compagnie Generale de Radologie) equipment allows for fullmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03547 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03547 (Member Price)

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Control of wet drawing lubricant in the manufacture of steel tire cord

Control of wet drawing lubricant in the manufacture of steel tire cord

This paper will concentrate on the most common category of wet lubricant for the processing of steel tire cord—synthetic emulsions. Chemistry, raw materials, and some techniques used to manufacture rmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05138 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05138 (Member Price)

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Control the resistance and reduce cost

Control the resistance and reduce cost

This study analyzes the variations of the conductivity (resistance) for some important Cupper wire and strand dimensions and the possible savings. Because the material cost in the cable is the major more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04982 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04982 (Member Price)

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Controlling the fiber excess length and the post shrinkage in PBT central tube process

Controlling the fiber excess length and the post shrinkage in PBT central tube process

In this study the goal was to develop a central tube buffering process with minimized post shrinkage while having the ability to control the fiber excess length from negative to a very high positive more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04934 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04934 (Member Price)

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Controlling wire vibrations during film wire processing.

Controlling wire vibrations during film wire processing.

Based on linear vibration theory, criteria have been developed to predict the occurence of vibrations in specific wire processing situations. The criteria have been presented in a nomogram. The nomogmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03593 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03593 (Member Price)

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Coolant filtration practices and healthy emulsion

Coolant filtration practices and healthy emulsion

This technical paper will discuss the importance of a strong program in coolant filtration. Cost saving benefits and superior performance will be realized in wiredrawing applications such as rod, intmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05164 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05164 (Member Price)

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Copper alloy wires – applications, technical requirements and modern production methods

Copper alloy wires – applications, technical requirements and modern production methods

This paper discusses three of the main applications for wires made out of copper alloy: 1. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM), 2. battery pins, and 3. micro-plug pins. It presents the commonalitiesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05245 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05245 (Member Price)

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Copper Cathode Quality as Affected by Hydrogen and Organic Additives:  An Update

Copper Cathode Quality as Affected by Hydrogen and Organic Additives: An Update

Recent measurements of world produced copper cathodes shows a correlation between the hydrogen content of the cathode and its carbon content. Good correlation has also been obtained between the hydrmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04123 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04123 (Member Price)

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Copper clad aluminum wire --  a new electrical conductor material.

Copper clad aluminum wire -- a new electrical conductor material.

The characteristics and properties of copper-clad aluminum wire are discussed. Mechanical properties, in-line resistance annealing, compound formation, resistivity data, and general manufacturing promore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02359 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02359 (Member Price)

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Copper clad aluminum wire: material system for the electrical industry

Copper clad aluminum wire: material system for the electrical industry

The qualities of copper clad aluminum wire which make it an excellent substitute for pure copper wire for electrical conductor use are described. Some of the problems with developing suitable connectmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02538 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02538 (Member Price)

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Copper LAN cables - Have they reached their speed limit

Copper LAN cables - Have they reached their speed limit

To make better decisions about investing in new equipment for controlling the process and machinery used to produce copper LAN cables, it is important to know how they perform relative to their transmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05032 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05032 (Member Price)

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Copper LAN cables: how to improve transmission capacity by reducing manufacturing process variations

Copper LAN cables: how to improve transmission capacity by reducing manufacturing process variations

With the rapid growth pace of the Internet and wireless technologies in recent years, the preponderance of copper cables in local area networks is amazing. This paper attempts to explain the key factmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04884 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04884 (Member Price)

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Copper multiwire drawing and annealing at high speed

Copper multiwire drawing and annealing at high speed

This paper discusses a high-speed multiwire drawing line for semi-manufactured products. The line was designed to obtain flexible strands with a high section and seven-wire concentric strands with semore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04995 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04995 (Member Price)

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Copper plating on steel wire

Copper plating on steel wire

There is a new proprietary alkaline non-cyanide copper process that provides process advantages and plated copper characteristics for the copper plating of steel wire. Acid copper is utilized to platmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04959 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04959 (Member Price)

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Copper rod and wire welds' influence on drawing performance

Copper rod and wire welds' influence on drawing performance

To assure the continuity of the drawing process of copper rod, the raw material on coils, and the pre-drawn wires on baskets or spools are welded in front of the drawing machines. Two processes are tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05175 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05175 (Member Price)

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Copper rod quality and fine wire production

Copper rod quality and fine wire production

This paper presents the latest technology in making oxygen-free copper rod - the high-speed “up-cast” 8 mm process describing its manufacture and metallurgical properties. It focuses on the quality omore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04932 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04932 (Member Price)

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Copper rod requirements for magnet wire

Copper rod requirements for magnet wire

The requirements for copper rod used for magnet wire, for which no specifications currently exist, are summarized. Various measurements are charted, with corresponding ranges of values and comments bmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03796 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03796 (Member Price)

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Copper rod rolling lubricants--The effect of quench characteristics on roll performance

Copper rod rolling lubricants--The effect of quench characteristics on roll performance

This technical paper demonstrates the relationship between soluble copper rod rolling lubricant quench characteristics, and their effect on rolling mill roll performance. It looks at the emulsion-coomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04895 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04895 (Member Price)

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Copper shaft furnace melting and charging: A new approach

Copper shaft furnace melting and charging: A new approach

Few successful attempts have been made to optimize heat transfer in the copper melting shaft furnace since its development in the early 1960s. Encore Wire, Ltd. The efficiency of one 25-foot tall vermore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05082 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05082 (Member Price)

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Copper wire breaks: an update

Copper wire breaks: an update

Scanning electron microscopy and 3D photography are used to evaluate super fine and ultra fine copper wire breaks. Metal flow characteristics of the fracture area are distinguished by observing the dmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03455 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03455 (Member Price)

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Copper wire failure classification methodology based on rod and wire manufacturing processes

Copper wire failure classification methodology based on rod and wire manufacturing processes

Demand for higher quality rod/wire products necessitates an advance and practical wire failure classification technique. This paper presents a classification methodology based on rod and wire manufamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04389 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04389 (Member Price)

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Copper wiredrawing lubricants tribology, chemistry, and technology

Copper wiredrawing lubricants tribology, chemistry, and technology

Lubricity improvers, extreme-pressure additives and friction modifiers are the most effective tribological weapons in the war against wear. In the last few years considerable efforts have been made tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05041 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05041 (Member Price)

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Correlation between surface defects of bar copper wire and faults in magnet wire

Correlation between surface defects of bar copper wire and faults in magnet wire

The magnet wire used in most electric or electronic devices is manufactured by applying varnish as an insulating material on the drawn copper or aluminum wire. If there is bad adhesion between metalmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04898 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04898 (Member Price)

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Correlation between the flaw size and distribution of pre and post prooftest level of draw abraded fiber

Correlation between the flaw size and distribution of pre and post prooftest level of draw abraded fiber

The mechanical reliability of single mode optical fiber is determined by the presence of surface flaws, such as atmosphere particles during drawing operations, that can cause abrasion damage. Prooftmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04920 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04920 (Member Price)

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Correlation of surface quality subsurface quality and fine generation analysis

Correlation of surface quality subsurface quality and fine generation analysis

Subsurface analysis is often necessary to understand wire surface quality evolution. The fine generation process also influences both surface and subsurface quality (and vice versa). Techniques for smore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04345 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04345 (Member Price)

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Corrosion mechanism of brass-coated steel cords for tires

Corrosion mechanism of brass-coated steel cords for tires

The attempt is to clarify the mechanisms govening corrosive attack by environmental elements.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03804 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03804 (Member Price)

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Cost reduction using SPC: A management overview

Cost reduction using SPC: A management overview

More and more customers are defining quality as the degree of variation about a target. Management must take a leadership role in providing the philosophy and the education that will create a culturemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04974 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04974 (Member Price)

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Costs and benefits of highly efficient wire cleaning by ultrasound: a case study

Costs and benefits of highly efficient wire cleaning by ultrasound: a case study

This paper analyzes the effects of changing wire cleaning from conventional methods to highly efficient ultrasonic cleaning. It is intended to evaluate development of this technology from an economicmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04825 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04825 (Member Price)

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Creep and relaxation of high strength steel wires at room temperature

Creep and relaxation of high strength steel wires at room temperature

The results of studies on relationships between creep, relaxation and strain of high strength steel wire are presented. The results are of use for improving the physical properties of wire.

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01234 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01234 (Member Price)

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Creep behavior of aluminum wire affects performance of ACSR cable

Creep behavior of aluminum wire affects performance of ACSR cable

A series of tests on the creep behavior of aluminum wire used in ACSR cable are described. The results from experiments on wire produced by differing methods indicate that wires drawn from Properzi rmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02821 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02821 (Member Price)

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Creep of nickel, copper and nickel-copper alloys.

Creep of nickel, copper and nickel-copper alloys.

The results of an investigation of creep rate of nickel, copper, and nickel-copper alloys are presented. Creep resistance was highest for the nickel-copper alloys. The influence of creep rate on elonmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P01999 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P01999 (Member Price)

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Criteria for the prevention of filament wire breaking during the fabrication of multifilamentary composite superconducting wire

Criteria for the prevention of filament wire breaking during the fabrication of multifilamentary composite superconducting wire

This study establishes guidelines for the design of the superconductor and of the pass-reduction practices that will lead to the fabrication of high quality, defect-free superconducting wire in a repmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04873 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04873 (Member Price)

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Criteria of central bursting – experimental verification

Criteria of central bursting – experimental verification

Different criteria of central bursting during steel wiredrawing were verified using equations from the nomograms of Avitzur, Wright, and Yoshida. These criteria were calculated and verified by microsmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05179 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05179 (Member Price)

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Critical annealing temperatures of brass wire

Critical annealing temperatures of brass wire

The relationships between elongation, tensile strength and annealing temperature of brass wire are illustrated. The effects of chilling and the causes of brittleness are described. The practical applmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P00177 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P00177 (Member Price)

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Critical evaluation of full lock coil ropes in cage and skip winders in a uranium mine based on nondestructive observation

Critical evaluation of full lock coil ropes in cage and skip winders in a uranium mine based on nondestructive observation

In order to prevent accidents, wire ropes must be evaluated by proper nondestructive methods. Periodic in-situ measurement of faults is useful to determine the effects of various parameters on rope lmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05243 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05243 (Member Price)

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Critical factors in the establishment or upgrading of a fabric reinforcement factory

Critical factors in the establishment or upgrading of a fabric reinforcement factory

This paper will examine the critical factors to consider when establishing a new factory for steel reinforcement fabric “mesh” or upgrading an existing one. The need for exactly defining market objecmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04991 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04991 (Member Price)

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Crosslinkable polyethylene for wire and cable: an update.

Crosslinkable polyethylene for wire and cable: an update.

Advantages gained by employing crosslinked polyethylene in cable insulation open the article. Technologies used in the production of XLPE, inclusive of peroxide crosslinking, radiation crosslinking, more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P03438 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P03438 (Member Price)

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Cryogenic tempering: where do we go from here?

Cryogenic tempering: where do we go from here?

A new technology called cryogenic tempering is discussed. Cryogenic tempering is a process in which a metal is quenched in liquid nitrogen at -300 degrees F (-149 degrees C) after heat treatment. Tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04905 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04905 (Member Price)

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Crystallographic texture in drawn wires: measurement, modeling, and effect on mechanical properties

Crystallographic texture in drawn wires: measurement, modeling, and effect on mechanical properties

The 2012 Mordica Memorial Lecture begins with a short introduction on the theory of crystallographic textures—what they are and how they can be measured and represented, with specifics for drawn wiremore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05493 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05493 (Member Price)

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Current technologies for the control of zinc in high-speed galvanizing and galvanizing

Current technologies for the control of zinc in high-speed galvanizing and galvanizing

Current galvanizing lines and the more frequent use for galfan require wiping technologies that combine a predetermined coating and very high flexibility in implementation. This paper will present prmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05131 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05131 (Member Price)

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Cutting edge gauging solutions: From the hot rolling mills, to wiredrawing, to wire and cable processing

Cutting edge gauging solutions: From the hot rolling mills, to wiredrawing, to wire and cable processing

This paper will examine the trends in gauging for all application segments of wire and cable processing. The paper will start with new solutions and trends for hot steel and metal mills to measure tmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05058 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05058 (Member Price)

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Data acquisition: A quality asurance tool

Data acquisition: A quality asurance tool

Changing quality requirements in the copper rod industry has caused increased interest in data acquisition. These changing quality requirements has increased the need for SPC information using real-more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04033 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04033 (Member Price)

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Deblasting: A new technology for scale removal of hot-rolled steel rod

Deblasting: A new technology for scale removal of hot-rolled steel rod

Deblasting to remove scale from rod combines bending, descaling and shot blasting in a single wheel machine. The process reduces operating costs related to energy, maintenance and consumables, while more»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04816 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04816 (Member Price)

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Decarburization and scale formation

Decarburization and scale formation

Annealing experiments performed on three grades of open-hearth steels of wire rod grades C 1045, 1065, and 1085 are described. Carbon amounts given off during annealing, degree of scale formation, efmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P02961 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P02961 (Member Price)

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Decarburization-free and soot-free batch-annealing with automated atmosphere

Decarburization-free and soot-free batch-annealing with automated atmosphere

RAD-CON, Inc., is presenting results from leading edge technology that accurately controls atmosphere for sub-critical annealing of drawn wire and wire rod. The paper presents the benefits of this nemore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05011 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05011 (Member Price)

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Decoding codes, standards, and fire safety markings

Decoding codes, standards, and fire safety markings

Without analytical scrutiny, it is impossible to know the properties—such as combustibility and smoke generation—of materials composing cable jackets, insulation, spacers, conductors, and other compomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05284 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05284 (Member Price)

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Decrease in residual stresses in drawn wire and rod

Decrease in residual stresses in drawn wire and rod

This paper discusses the stress in drawn wire after it leaves the drawing die and is coiled on the drawing drum. It demonstrates that the decisive influence on residual stress is exerted by non-unifomore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04908 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04908 (Member Price)

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Defects in small-diameter, ultra high-strength wire for tire cord and saw wire applications

Defects in small-diameter, ultra high-strength wire for tire cord and saw wire applications

Fine wire defects in saw wire and steel tire cord are generated during two operations: rod manufacture and product conversion. The lowest-risk wire rod is produced by Japanese steelmakers. The highesmore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05466 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05466 (Member Price)

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Deformation behavior of round wire in compression using cylindrical tool and analysis of width spreading in flat rolling

Deformation behavior of round wire in compression using cylindrical tool and analysis of width spreading in flat rolling

In order to clarify the deformation behavior of spreading in flat rolling, the compression of round wire using a cylindrical tool was carried out. In the region of compressive deformation, the materimore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P05102 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P05102 (Member Price)

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Degradation of winding insulation under partial discharge

Degradation of winding insulation under partial discharge

The electric stress from fast front repetitive pulse voltages on the winding insulation in a pulse width modulated (PWM) inverter driven induction motor is much more severe than that from conventionamore»

$15.00 - Tech. Paper #P04972 (List Price) $0.00 - Tech. Paper #P04972 (Member Price)

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